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Table of Contents


UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _________ to _________

Commission File Number: 001-39613

https://cdn.kscope.io/6c2bdfe3b20328605fac19fa872b0929-arry-20211231_g1.jpg

ARRAY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware83-2747826
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
3901 Midway Place NEAlbuquerqueNew Mexico87109
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)(505)881-7567

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.001 par valueARRYNasdaq Global Market

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. ☐ Yes ☒ No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. ☐ Yes ☒ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.                      ☒ Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).                                          ☒ Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company


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If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.     ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.                                 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).      Yes ☒ No

The aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates computed based on the closing sales price of such stock on June 30, 2021 was approximately $1,981,113,685.

Number of Shares of Common Stock outstanding as of March 31, 2022, — 150,173,507

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, subsequent to the date hereof pursuant to Regulation 14A in connection with the registrant’s 2022 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We intend to file such proxy statement with the SEC not later than 120 days after the conclusion of the registrant’s fiscal year ended December 31, 2021.
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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report contains forward-looking statements that are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to our management. Forward-looking statements include information concerning our possible or assumed future results of operations, business strategies, technology developments, financing and investment plans, dividend policy, competitive position, industry and regulatory environment, potential growth opportunities and the effects of competition. Forward-looking statements include statements that are not historical facts and can be identified by terms such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” "seek," “should,” “will,” “would” or similar expressions and the negatives of those terms.

Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Also, forward-looking statements represent our management’s beliefs and assumptions only as of the date of this report. You should read this report with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect.

Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations include factors in “Summary Risk Factors” and the “Risk Factors” sections of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements, or to update the reasons actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements, even if new information becomes available in the future.

Summary Risk Factors

Our business is subject to a number of risks that if realized could materially and adversely affect our business, financial conditions, results of operations, cash flows and access to liquidity. These risks are discussed more fully in the “Risk Factors” section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Our principal risks include the following:

we may be unable to successfully integrate the business of STI (as defined below) into our business or achieve the anticipated benefits of the STI Acquisition (as defined below);
the capped call transactions may affect the value of our Convertible Notes (as defined below) and the market price of our common stock;
the fundamental change repurchase feature of the Convertible Notes may delay or prevent an otherwise beneficial attempt to acquire us;
if demand for solar energy projects does not continue to grow or grows at a slower rate than we anticipate, our business will suffer;
the viability and demand for solar energy are impacted by many factors outside of our control, which makes it difficult to predict our future prospects;
a loss of one or more of our significant customers, their inability to perform under their contracts, or their default in payment, could harm our business and negatively impact revenue, results of operations and cash flow;
a failure to retain key personnel a failure to attract additional qualified personnel may affect our ability to achieve our anticipated level of growth adversely affect our business;
a drop in the price of electricity derived from the utility grid or from alternative energy sources may harm our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects;
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defects or performance problems in our products could result in loss of customers, reputational damage and decreased revenue, and we may face warranty, indemnity and product liability claims arising from defective products;
developments in alternative technologies may have a material adverse effect on demand for our offerings;
an increase in interest rates, or a reduction in the availability of tax equity or project debt capital in the global financial markets could make it difficult for customers to finance the cost of a solar energy system and could reduce the demand for our products;
existing electric utility industry policies and regulations, and any subsequent changes, may present technical, regulatory and economic barriers to the purchase and use of solar energy systems, which may significantly reduce demand for our products or harm our ability to compete;
the interruption of the flow of materials from international vendors could disrupt our supply chain, including as a result of the imposition of additional duties, tariffs and other charges on imports and exports;
changes in the U.S. trade environment, including the imposition of import tariffs, could adversely affect the amount or timing of our revenues, results of operations or cash flows;
the reduction, elimination or expiration of government incentives for, or regulations mandating the use of, renewable energy and solar energy specifically could reduce demand for solar energy systems and harm our business;
if we fail to, or incur significant costs in order to, obtain, maintain, protect, defend or enforce, our intellectual property and other proprietary rights, our business and results of operations could be materially harmed;
we may need to defend ourselves against third-party claims that we are infringing, misappropriating or otherwise violating others’ intellectual property rights, which could divert management’s attention, cause us to incur significant costs and prevent us from selling or using the technology to which such rights relate;
significant changes in the cost of raw materials could adversely affect our financial performance;
we are dependent on transportation and logistics providers to deliver our products in a cost efficient manner. Disruptions to transportation and logistics, including increases in shipping costs, could adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations;
the determination to restate prior period financial statement could negatively affect investor confidence and raise reputational issues;
our substantial indebtedness could adversely affect our financial condition; and
the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has materially and adversely affected our business and results of operations. The duration and extent to which it will continue to adversely impact our business and results of operations remains uncertain and could be material.



EXPLANATORY NOTE

In connection with our year-end financial statement close and preparation of our 2021 Form 10-K, misstatements were identified in certain of our previous interim financial statements. The determination was made upon the recommendation of the audit committee (the “Audit Committee”) of the Board of Directors after consultation with the Company’s independent auditors and management team.

The Company is filing this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, and to restate Array’s interim financial statements as of March 31, 2021, June 30, 2021, September 30, 2021, and for the three months ended March 31, 2021, the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 (collectively, the “Prior Period Financial Statements”).

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Background of Restatement

On March 23, 2022, the management and the Audit Committee of the Company, in consultation with BDO USA LLP (“BDO”), the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, determined that the Company’s previously issued interim financial statements, as of March 31, 2021, June 30, 2021, September 30, 2021, and for the three months ended March 31, 2021, the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 (the “Non-Reliance Periods”), should no longer be relied upon due to an error in the recognition of revenue under Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”) for the Non-Reliance Periods. The errors resulted from an incorrect conclusion regarding (1) the identification and recognition of performance obligations for customer contracts, and (2) that certain projects which were negotiated with customers at the same time should be combined and recognized as a single performance obligation using an over-time methodology. During Fiscal 2021, management reviewed the respective agreements from 2019 through 2021 and determined that certain projects should instead be considered multiple performance obligations and accounted for as either over-time or point-in-time depending on the nature of the underlying contractual terms. Management and the Audit Committee have determined that these accounting changes required a restatement of the Prior Period Financial Statements (the “Restatement”).

Previously filed quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for the Prior Period Financial Statements have not been amended. Accordingly, investors should no longer rely upon the Company’s previously released financial statements for these periods and any earnings releases or other communications relating to these periods, and, for these periods, investors should rely solely on the financial statements and other financial data for the relevant periods included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. See Note 22, “Restatement of Previously Issued Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements,” for the impact of these adjustments on each of the first three quarters of fiscal 2021.


Internal Control Considerations

In connection with the restatement, management has assessed the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021. Based on this assessment, management identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021. Management is taking steps to remediate the material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting, as described in Part II, Item 9A, “Controls and Procedures”



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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ITEMPAGE
PART I
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
Item 9C.
PART III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
PART IV
Item 15.
Item 16.
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PART I

Item 1. Business

Overview
We are one of the world’s largest manufacturers of ground-mounting systems used in solar energy projects. Our principal product is an integrated system of steel supports, electric motors, gearboxes and electronic controllers commonly referred to as a single-axis “tracker.” Trackers move solar panels throughout the day to maintain an optimal orientation to the sun, which significantly increases their energy production. Solar energy projects that use trackers generate more energy and deliver a lower Levelized Cost of Energy (“LCOE”) than projects that use “fixed tilt” mounting systems, which do not move. The vast majority of ground mounted solar systems in the U.S. use trackers.
Our trackers use a patented design that allows one motor to drive multiple rows of solar panels through articulated driveline joints. To avoid infringing on our U.S. patent, our competitors must use designs that we believe are inherently less efficient and reliable. For example, our largest competitor’s design requires one motor for each row of solar panels. As a result, we believe our products have greater reliability, lower installation costs, reduced maintenance requirements and competitive manufacturing costs. Our core U.S. patent on a linked-row, rotating gear drive system does not expire until February 5, 2030.
We sell our products to engineering, procurement and construction firms (“EPCs”) that build solar energy projects and to large solar developers, independent power producers and utilities, often under master supply agreements or multi-year procurement contracts.
Demand for ground-mounting systems is driven by installations of new ground-mounted solar energy projects. Demand for our products and our competitors’ products is a function of the percentage of those new installations that use trackers as opposed to fixed-tilt mounting systems. Historically, we have derived the majority of our revenues from the sale of trackers used in solar energy projects located in the U.S. During the year ended December 31, 2021, we derived 97% and 3% of our revenues from customers in the U.S. and rest of the world, respectively.
We are a U.S. company with our headquarters and principal manufacturing facility in Albuquerque, New Mexico. As of December 31, 2021, we had 471 full-time employees.

Sales
Our Customers
We sell our products to EPCs that build solar energy projects and to large solar developers, independent power producers and utilities, often under master supply agreements or multi-year procurement contracts. Although sales to a single customer may occasionally be greater than 10%, they generally represent multiple projects for many different end customers who often directly influence or make the decision to use our products. In 2021, our sales to EPC’s represented approximately 70% of our revenue.

Our Products and Services
Our Tracker System
Large-scale solar energy projects are typically laid out in successive “rows” that form an “array.” An array can have dozens of rows with more than 100 solar panels in each row. With a single-axis tracker system, motors and gears cause each row of solar panels to rotate along their north-south axis to continually align the row with the sun throughout the day. Different tracker manufacturers use different approaches to rotate the panels in a row. We have patented single-axis tracker systems that use one electric motor to drive the rotation of multiple
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rows through articulated driveline joints, require only a single bolt clamp to attach solar panels and automatically stow in high wind conditions. We refer to our design as the “DuraTrack” system. We believe our DuraTrack system has significant advantages, including:
requiring fewer motors per megawatt (“MW”) than competing products;
creating site design flexibility;
enabling higher power density than competing products;
making installation easier;
automatically stowing in high wind conditions;
having high reliability and no scheduled maintenance; and
incorporating software and machine learning capabilities that enhance performance.

DuraTrack® HZ v3
Our principal product is the DuraTrack® HZ v3 tracker system, which we launched in May 2015. DuraTrack HZ v3 is our third-generation single axis tracker and incorporates unique features such as a patented single-bolt per module mounting system that reduces installation time, a passive wind load mitigation system and a low number of motors and controls per MW.

SmarTrack Software
SmarTrack is our software product that uses site-specific historical weather and energy production data, in combination with machine learning algorithms, to identify the optimal position for a solar array in real time to increase its energy production.

Markets
Product Roadmap
Our products reflect the innovation focus and engineering capabilities of our people. Our product roadmap is rooted in delivering value to the customer, differentiated products and services and new market creation.
We have introduced three generations of trackers and each new version has delivered significant cost and performance improvements over the prior version. We are currently developing the fourth generation of the DuraTrack technology which will focus on improvements to performance, reliability and cost of ownership.
We are also planning to introduce improvements and additional functionality to our SmarTrack software, including unique positioning algorithms designed to maximize energy production from arrays that use bi-facial panels, pre-positioning instructions based on weather forecasts and enhanced site-specific machine learning capabilities as well as cybersecurity enhancements.

Sales and Marketing Strategy
Our sales and marketing strategy is to educate all influencers and stakeholders involved in building, owning and maintaining a solar energy project on the merits of our products generally and their low lifetime cost of ownership specifically. With the objective of making DuraTrack the preferred tracker system globally, we educate customers and influencers through a combination of direct sales efforts; commissioning independent, third-party studies; hosting training seminars; and sponsoring industry conferences and events.
We take a “360-degree” approach to selling, working with developers, independent power producers, EPCs, utilities, independent engineering firms, insurers and mechanical subcontractors in each of the countries where
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we operate. In the United States, Europe, the Middle East and Africa (“EMEA”), Latin America and Australia our products are actively sold by employees in seven different countries.

Training and Customer Support
We offer our customers engineering expertise to design and deliver the optimal solution for each unique project, installation training services and dedicated project management to provide comprehensive technical support.
We offer a wide variety of training and support designed to ensure an efficient build process of our tracker system, including hands on and video supported instruction and documentation. We support all of our customers with design consulting throughout the sales process. Our technical support organization includes applications engineering, geotechnical and civil engineering in each region where we operate. To support projects around the globe, we have resources available to work on solutions 24/7. We manage open issues via our customer relationship management system in order to monitor service, track closure of all customer issues and further improve our customer service in every region in which we sell our products.
Customer service and satisfaction are a key focus for us and contribute to our success. We have field service engineers located in the geographies where we are active, and support our customers with commissioning of large projects, introduction of new technologies and features and on-the-job training of new installers.

Competition
Trackers are highly specialized products that are specific to the solar industry. The unique expertise required to design trackers and customers’ reluctance to try unproven products has confined the number of firms that produce trackers to a relatively small number. Our principal tracker competitors include NEXTracker Inc., a subsidiary of Flex Ltd., PV Hardware and Artech Solar. We also compete indirectly with manufacturers of fixed tilt mounting systems, including UNIRAC, Inc., and RBI Solar Inc., a subsidiary of Gibraltar Industries, Inc. We compete on the basis of product performance and features, total cost of ownership (usually measured by LCOE), reliability and duration of product warranty, sales and distribution capabilities, and training and customer support.

Resources
Manufacturing
We operate a fifty-seven thousand square foot manufacturing facility in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Our manufacturing process is designed to meet four objectives: limit capital intensive and low value-added activities that can be outsourced to other companies; minimize labor content where possible; minimize the amount of assembly our customers will be required to do at the site; and minimize material movement both from vendors to us and inside our factory.
We produce module clamps, center structures, spring dampers and motor controller assemblies at our Albuquerque facility. We have entered outsourcing contracts for steel tubing, drivelines, bearing assemblies and gear boxes that ship directly from our suppliers to job sites or designated warehouses. By using vendors, we are able to drop ship products directly to our customers’ sites, which improves working capital turnover, quality and inventory management.
While we maintain certain levels of supplies and inventories, have the capability to in source some of the products manufactured by outside vendors to our principal manufacturing facility and have identified alternative vendors for contingency purposes, we depend upon a small number of vendors to manufacture certain components used in our products. We have implemented a policy that no component be single-sourced and that second-source suppliers be located domestically where possible.
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We believe our status as a U.S. company with U.S. manufacturing reduces the potential impact of U.S. government tariffs placed on, or other U.S. government regulatory actions taken against, products manufactured in foreign countries.

Research and Development
We continually devote resources to research and development (“R&D”) with the objective of developing innovative new products and services that enhance system performance, improve product reliability, reduce product cost and simplify installation. Our development strategy is to identify features that bring value to our customers and differentiate us from our competitors. We measure the effectiveness of our R&D using a number of metrics, beginning with a market requirements definition, which includes a program budget, financial payback, resource requirements, and time required to launch the new product, system, or service into the market. We employ a stringent engineering phase gate review process that ensures all R&D programs are meeting their stated objectives from inception to deployment.

We have a strong R&D team with significant experience in solar energy as well as expertise in mechanical engineering, software engineering, civil engineering, systems/control engineering, power electronics, semiconductors, power line communications and networking. As needed, we collaborate with academia, national laboratories and consultants, to further enhance our capabilities and confirm results independently.

Intellectual Property
The success of our business depends, in part, on our ability to maintain and protect our proprietary technologies, information, processes and know-how. We rely primarily on patent, trademark, copyright and trade secret laws in the United States and similar laws in other countries, confidentiality agreements and procedures and other contractual arrangements to protect our technology. As of December 31, 2021, we had two U.S. trademark registrations, eleven issued U.S. patents, 152 issued non-U.S. patents, eighteen patent applications pending for examination in the United States, fourteen U.S. provisional patent applications pending, 94 patent applications pending for examination in other countries and eight domain name registrations. Many of our patents relate to mounting assemblies, solar trackers and related methods. Our U.S. issued patents are scheduled to expire between 2030 and 2037.
We rely on trade secret protection and confidentiality agreements to safeguard our interests with respect to proprietary know-how that is not patentable and processes for which patents are difficult to enforce. We believe that many elements of our manufacturing processes involve proprietary know-how, technology or data that are not covered by patents or patent applications, including technical processes, test equipment designs, algorithms, and procedures.
Our policy is for our research and development employees to enter into confidentiality and proprietary information agreements with us to address intellectual property protection issues and require our employees to assign to us all the inventions, designs and technologies they develop during the course of employment with us. However, we might not have entered into such agreements with all applicable personnel, and such agreements might not be self-executing. Moreover, such individuals could breach the terms of such agreements.
We also require our customers and business partners to enter into confidentiality agreements before we disclose any sensitive aspects of our technology or business plans.

Government Contracts
None.

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Seasonality
Our revenue is impacted by seasonality related to federal investment tax credit (“ITC”) step-downs for solar energy projects and construction activity.
ITC step-downs. While solar power is cost-competitive with conventional forms of generation in many U.S. states even without the ITC, we believe step-downs in the ITC have influenced, and will continue to influence, the timing and quantity of some customers’ orders. During the fourth quarter of 2019, we received approximately $400 million of orders that were structured to maintain our customers’ eligibility for the 30% ITC available for projects for which construction began before 2020. We shipped and recorded the associated revenues on approximately $100 million and $300 million of those orders in the fourth quarter of 2019 and first half of 2020, respectively. During the fourth quarter of 2020, we received approximately $80 million of orders that were structured to maintain our customers’ eligibility for the 26% ITC that is available for projects for which construction began before 2021, respectively. We shipped and recorded the associated revenues on approximately $40 million and $40 million of those orders in the fourth quarter of 2020 and the first half of 2021, respectively. The current 26% ITC phases down to 22% for projects that begin construction in 2023, and then phases down to a permanent 10% level for projects that begin construction in 2024 or later. We cannot predict our customers’ behavior; however, should the step-downs remain intact we expect to see a similar order pattern to what was experienced in prior years.
Construction activity. Project construction activity in North America is lower in colder months. The installation of a solar tracker requires setting foundations in the ground which is more costly when the ground is frozen. Accordingly, we typically expect to see higher revenues in the second and third quarters when the weather is warmer in North America and lower in the first and fourth quarters when the weather is colder absent other factors. While we expect this seasonality will continue to impact us in the near term as a large portion of our business is in North America, we expect to see less pronounced seasonal variations as we expand into new global markets in the southern hemisphere.

Government Regulation
Environmental Laws and Regulations
We are subject to a variety of environmental, health and safety, and pollution-control laws and regulations in the jurisdictions in which we operate. We do not believe the costs of compliance with these laws and regulations will be material to the business or our operations. We use, handle, generate, store, discharge and dispose of hazardous substances, chemicals and wastes at some of our facilities in connection with our product development, testing and manufacturing activities. Any failure by us to control the use of, to remediate the presence of or to restrict adequately the discharge of such substances, chemicals or wastes could subject us to potentially significant liabilities, clean-up costs, monetary damages and fines or suspensions in our business operations. In addition, some of our facilities are located on properties with a history of use involving hazardous substances, chemicals and wastes and may be contaminated. Although we have not incurred, and do not currently anticipate, any material liabilities in connection with such contamination, we may be required to make expenditures for environmental remediation in the future.

Government Incentives
Federal, state, local and foreign government bodies provide incentives to owners, end users, distributors and manufacturers of solar energy systems to promote solar electricity in the form of rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives such as system performance payments, payments for renewable energy credits associated with renewable energy generation, and an exclusion of solar energy systems from property tax assessments. The range and duration of these incentives varies widely by geographic market. The market for grid-connected applications, where solar power is sold into organized electric markets or pursuant to power purchase agreements, often depends in large part on the availability and size of these government subsidies and
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economic incentives. The following is a summary of the major current government subsidies and economic incentives in the key jurisdictions where our customers operate.
United States. The U.S. federal government provides an ITC that allows a taxpayer to offset its federal income tax liability by a percentage of its cost basis in a solar energy system put to commercial use. The value of the tax credit varies depending on the year in which construction is deemed to begin. Under the current legislative framework, solar projects that were under construction by the end of 2019 qualify for a tax credit equal to 30% of the project’s cost. The value dropped to 26% for projects starting construction in 2020 through 2022, and 22% for projects starting construction in 2023. The credit drops to a permanent 10% level for projects that begin construction in 2024 or later. Projects that begin construction before 2024 but are not placed in service until 2026 or later, are also limited to the 10% credit.
The federal government also permits accelerated depreciation, and in some cases 100% “bonus” depreciation, for certain equipment, including solar energy systems. In addition, some U.S. states offer an additional corporate investment or production tax credit for solar that is additive to the ITC. Additionally, many U.S. states and local jurisdictions have established various property tax abatement incentives for renewable energy systems.

Human Capital
We believe our success depends on our ability to attract and retain outstanding employees at all levels of our business. As of December 31, 2021, we had 471 full-time employees, of which approximately 93% are located in the United States, with the balance located in Europe, Latin America, Australia, and Asia. None of our employees are represented by a labor union. We have not experienced any employment-related work stoppages, and we consider relations with our employees to be good. During the COVID-19 pandemic, we have implemented procedures to reduce the risk of spreading the virus and have implemented an hourly incentive for employees that work in our manufacturing facilities.
We have a team-oriented culture, which we believe helps us to succeed and drive operational excellence. As a rapidly growing business, we rely on the success of our recruitment efforts to attract and retain technically skilled people who can support our ongoing innovation and expansion. We aim to be inclusive in our hiring practices focusing on the best talent for the role, welcoming all genders, nationalities, ethnicities, abilities and other dimensions of diversity. We drive high levels of performance and improvement by prioritizing training and development to ensure our team members are equipped with the knowledge, skills, and tools to succeed. We motivate and develop our employees by providing them with opportunities for advancement, and we invest in both on-the-job training and on-line training and development tools because we believe our people are the ultimate drivers of our success. These initiatives include multiple compliance trainings as well as various leadership development courses. In addition, we support external development and verification programs as well as offer education reimbursement.
We aim to provide our employees with competitive salary and benefits that enable them to achieve a good quality of life and plan for the future. Our benefits differ according to local norms and market preferences but typically include all salary and social benefits required by local law (including retirement saving programs, paid vacation and sick leave) and many additional benefits that go beyond legal requirements in local markets.
We aim to hire individuals who share our passion, commitment and entrepreneurial spirit. We are also committed to diversity and inclusion because we believe that diversity leads to better outcomes for our business and enables us to better meet the needs of our customers. We recognize the importance of diversity in leadership roles within our company.
Our employees’ health and safety is important to us. During the COVID-19 pandemic, we took measures to ensure the safety of our employees by complying with federal, state and local health guidelines, and we have implemented procedures to reduce the risk of spreading the virus, such as work from home measures,
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restricting the number of attendees at events or in-person meetings, limiting the number of people in our buildings and factories at a given time, further restricting access to our facilities and suspending employee travel, and we have also implemented an hourly incentive for employees that work in our manufacturing facilities. In addition, we believe that all accidents and injuries at work are preventable and we aim to ensure a zero-injury culture across our offices and operations. We comply with applicable occupational health and safety regulations and are certified to Occupational Health and Safety Quality Management Standard ISO 9001. Our injury rates are low.

Available Information
Our website address is https://arraytechinc.com, and our investor relations website is located at https://ir.arraytechinc.com. Information on our website is not incorporated by reference herein. We will make available on our website, free of charge, our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. The SEC maintains an Internet site (http://www.sec.gov) containing reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

In evaluating the Company, you should consider carefully the risks and uncertainties described below, as well as the other information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including our consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing at the end of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The occurrence of any of the following risks could harm our business, financial condition, results of operations and/or growth prospects or cause our actual results to differ materially from those contained in forward-looking statements we have made in this report and those we may make from time to time. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones facing us. Other events that we do not currently anticipate or that we currently deem immaterial also may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows.


Risks Related to the STI Acquisition

We may be unable to successfully integrate STI’s business into our business or achieve the anticipated benefits of the STI Acquisition.
On January 11, 2022, we completed the acquisition (the “STI Acquisition”) of 100% of the share capital of Soluciones Técnicas Integrales Norland, S.L. and its subsidiaries (collectively, “STI”). Our ability to achieve the anticipated benefits of the STI Acquisition will depend in part upon whether we can integrate STI’s business into our existing business in an efficient and effective manner. We may not be able to accomplish this integration process successfully. The successful integration of STI’s business requires an assessment of several factors, including:
our ability to successfully combine our respective businesses in a manner that permits us to achieve the cost savings, synergies and other anticipated benefits from the STI Acquisition;
the challenge of integrating complex systems, operating procedures, compliance programs, technology, networks and other assets while carrying out our ongoing business in a manner that minimizes any adverse impact on customers, suppliers, employees and other constituencies;
the challenge of managing the expanded operations of a larger and more complex company and coordinating geographically separate organizations; and
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potential unknown liabilities, liabilities that are significantly larger than we currently anticipate, and unforeseen increased expenses or delays associated with the STI Acquisition, including cash costs of integration that may exceed what we currently anticipate.
Any one of these factors could result in increased costs, decreases in the amount of anticipated benefits and diversion of management’s attention, each of which could materially impact our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, even following successful integration, the anticipated benefits of the STI Acquisition may not be realized fully, or at all, or may take longer to realize than expected.

We and STI will be subject to business uncertainties for a period of time following completion of the STI Acquisition, which could adversely affect our business.
In connection with the completion of the STI Acquisition, it is possible that certain persons with whom we or STI have a business relationship may delay or defer certain business decisions or might decide to seek to terminate, change or renegotiate their relationships with us or STI, as the case may be, as a result of the STI Acquisition and integration of STI’s business, which could negatively affect our or STI’s revenues, earnings and cash flows as well as the market price of our common stock. Also, our and STI’s ability to attract, retain and motivate employees may be impaired for a period of time, as current and prospective employees may experience uncertainty about their roles within the Company following the completion of the STI Acquisition.

We will have incurred significant transaction costs in connection with the STI Acquisition.
We have incurred and expect to continue to incur a number of non-recurring costs associated with the STI Acquisition, combining the operations of STI with ours and achieving desired synergies. These costs have been, and will continue to be, substantial and, in many cases, will be borne by us. A substantial majority of non-recurring expenses will consist of transaction costs and include, among others, fees paid to financial, legal, accounting and other advisors and employee retention, severance, and benefit costs. We will also incur costs related to formulating and implementing integration plans. Although we expect that the elimination of duplicative costs, as well as the realization of synergies and efficiencies related to the integration of STI’s business, should allow us to offset these transaction costs over time, this net benefit may not be achieved in the near term or at all.

As a result of the STI Acquisition, we will be exposed to risks from currency exchange rate fluctuations between the U.S. dollar and foreign currencies that could adversely affect our financial results and comparability of our results between financial periods.
Changes in exchange rates may affect our financial condition and results of operations. Appreciation of the U.S. dollar against the euro, the Brazilian real or other currencies in which our net sales are denominated may generally have the effect of decreasing our net sales figures. Movements in the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar to the euro, the Brazilian real or other currencies, could increase the amount of cash that must be generated in foreign currencies in order to pay the principal and interest on our Convertible Notes and our other U.S. dollar denominated indebtedness. We are unable to predict with any precision future movements of the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar against foreign currencies or their effect on our business or results of operations.



Risks Related to Demand for our Products

If demand for solar energy projects does not continue to grow or grows at a slower rate than we anticipate, our business will suffer.
Our solution is utilized in large-scale ground-mounted solar energy projects. As a result, our future success depends on continued demand for solar energy solutions and the ability of solar equipment vendors to meet
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this demand. The solar industry is an evolving industry that has experienced substantial changes in recent years, and we cannot be certain that consumers and businesses will adopt solar energy as an alternative energy source at levels sufficient to grow our business. If demand for solar energy fails to develop sufficiently, demand for our products will decrease, which would have an adverse impact on our ability to increase our revenue and grow our business.

The viability and demand for solar energy and the demand for our products are impacted by many factors outside of our control, which makes it difficult to predict our future prospects.
The viability and demand for solar energy, and in turn, our products, may be affected by many factors outside of our control. While we have been in existence since 1989, we have recently grown and expanded significantly. Our recent significant growth and expansion, combined with the rapidly evolving and competitive nature of our industry, makes it difficult to predict our future prospects. We have limited insight into emerging trends that may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. We have encountered and will continue to encounter risks and difficulties frequently experienced by growing companies in rapidly changing industries, including unpredictable and volatile revenues and increased expenses as we continue to grow our business. Some of the factors outside of our control which may impact the viability and demand for solar energy include:
cost competitiveness, reliability and performance of solar energy systems compared to conventional and non-solar renewable energy sources and products and cost competitiveness, reliability and performance of our products compared to our competitors;
availability and scale and scope of government subsidies and incentives to support the development and deployment of solar energy solutions;
prices of traditional carbon-based energy sources;
levels of investment by end-users of solar energy products, which tend to decrease when economic growth slows;
the emergence, continuance or success of, or increased government support for, other alternative energy generation technologies and products; and
if we do not manage these risks and overcome these difficulties successfully, our business will suffer.

A loss of one or more of our significant customers, their inability to perform under their contracts, or their default in payment, could harm our business and negatively impact revenue, results of operations, and cash flow.
We are dependent on a relatively small number of customers for our sales, and a small number of customers have historically accounted for a material portion of our revenue. For the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company’s largest customer and five largest customers constituted 12.6% and 46.0% of our total revenues, respectively. For the year ended December 31, 2021, 2 customers (Primoris Renewable Energy, Inc. and Blattner Energy, Inc.), constituted more than 10% of total revenue. The loss of any one of the Company’s significant customers, their inability to perform under their contracts, or their default in payment, could have a materially adverse effect on the revenues and profits of the Company. Further, the Company’s trade accounts receivable are from companies within the solar industry, and, as such, the Company is exposed to normal industry credit risks. As of December 31, 2021, the Company’s largest customer and five largest customers constituted 17.6% and 44.6% of trade accounts receivable, respectively. For the near future, we may continue to derive a significant portion of our net sales from a small number of customers. Accordingly, loss of a significant customer or a significant reduction in pricing or order volume from a significant customer could materially reduce net sales and operating results in any reporting period.

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A drop in the price of electricity sold may harm our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
Decreases in the price of electricity, whether in organized electric markets or with contract counterparties, may negatively impact the owners of the solar energy projects or make the purchase of solar energy systems less economically attractive and would likely lower sales of our products. The price of electricity could decrease as a result of:
construction of a significant number of new, lower-cost power generation plants, including plants utilizing natural gas, renewable energy or other generation technologies;
relief of transmission constraints that enable distant, lower-cost generation to transmit energy less expensively or in greater quantities;
reductions in the price of natural gas or other fuels;
utility rate adjustment and customer class cost reallocation;
decreased electricity demand, including from energy conservation technologies and public initiatives to reduce electricity consumption;
development of smart-grid technologies that lower the peak energy requirements;
development of new or lower-cost customer-sited energy storage technologies that have the ability to reduce a customer’s average cost of electricity by shifting load to off-peak times; and
development of new energy generation technologies that provide less expensive energy.
Moreover, technological developments in the solar components industry could allow our competitors and their customers to offer electricity at costs lower than those that can be achieved by us and our customers, which could result in reduced demand for our products.
If the cost of electricity generated by solar energy installations incorporating our systems is high relative to the cost of electricity from other sources, then our business, financial condition and results of operations may be harmed.

Defects or performance problems in our products could result in loss of customers, reputational damage and decreased revenue, and we may face warranty, indemnity and product liability claims arising from defective products.
Although our products meet our stringent quality requirements, they may contain undetected errors or defects, especially when first introduced or when new generations are released. Errors, defects or poor performance can arise due to design flaws, defects in raw materials or components or manufacturing difficulties, which can affect both the quality and the yield of the product. Any actual or perceived errors, defects or poor performance in our products could result in the replacement or recall of our products, shipment delays, rejection of our products, damage to our reputation, lost revenue, diversion of our engineering personnel from our product development efforts and increases in customer service and support costs, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Furthermore, defective components may give rise to warranty, indemnity or product liability claims against us that exceed any revenue or profit we receive from the affected products. Our limited warranties cover defects in materials and workmanship of our products under normal use and service conditions. As a result, we bear the risk of warranty claims long after we have sold products and recognized revenue. While we do have accrued reserves for warranty claims, our estimated warranty costs for previously sold products may change to the extent future products are not compatible with earlier generation products under warranty. Our warranty accruals are based on our assumptions and we do not have a long history of making such assumptions. As a result, these assumptions could prove to be materially different from the actual performance of our systems,
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causing us to incur substantial unanticipated expense to repair or replace defective products in the future or to compensate customers for defective products. Our failure to accurately predict future claims could result in unexpected volatility in, and have a material adverse effect on, our financial condition.
If one of our products were to cause injury to someone or cause property damage, including as a result of product malfunctions, defects or improper installation, then we could be exposed to product liability claims. We could incur significant costs and liabilities if we are sued and if damages are awarded against us. Further, any product liability claim we face could be expensive to defend and could divert management’s attention. The successful assertion of a product liability claim against us could result in potentially significant monetary damages, penalties or fines, subject us to adverse publicity, damage our reputation and competitive position and adversely affect sales of our products. In addition, product liability claims, injuries, defects or other problems experienced by other companies in the residential solar industry could lead to unfavorable market conditions for the industry as a whole, and may have an adverse effect on our ability to attract new customers, thus harming our growth and financial performance.

Our results of operations may fluctuate from quarter to quarter, which could make our future performance difficult to predict and could cause our results of operations for a particular period to fall below expectations, resulting in a decline in the price of our common stock.
Our quarterly results of operations are difficult to predict and may fluctuate significantly in the future. We have experienced seasonal and quarterly fluctuations in the past as a result of seasonal fluctuations in our customers’ business. Our end-users’ ability to install solar energy systems is affected by weather, as for example during the winter months in Europe and the northeastern United States. Such installation delays can impact the timing of orders for our products. Further, given that we are an early-stage company operating in a rapidly growing industry, the true extent of these fluctuations may have been masked by our recent growth rates and consequently may not be readily apparent from our historical results of operations and may be difficult to predict. Our financial performance, sales, working capital requirements and cash flow may fluctuate, and our past quarterly results of operations may not be good indicators of future performance. Any substantial decrease in revenues would have an adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and stock price.

An increase in interest rates, or a reduction in the availability of tax equity or project debt capital in the global financial markets could make it difficult for end customers to finance the cost of a solar energy system and could reduce the demand for our products.
Many end-users depend on financing to fund the initial capital expenditure required to construct a solar energy project. As a result, an increase in interest rates, or a reduction in the supply of project debt or tax equity financing, could reduce the number of solar projects that receive financing or otherwise make it difficult for our customers or their customers to secure the financing necessary to construct a solar energy project on favorable terms, or at all, and thus lower demand for our products which could limit our growth or reduce our net sales. In addition, we believe that a significant percentage of end-users construct solar energy projects as an investment, funding a significant portion of the initial capital expenditure with financing from third parties. An increase in interest rates could lower an investor’s return on investment on a solar energy project, increase equity requirements or make alternative investments more attractive relative to solar energy projects, and, in each case, could cause these end-users to seek alternative investments.

Developments in alternative technologies may have a material adverse effect on demand for our offerings.
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Significant developments in alternative technologies, such as advances in other forms of solar tracking systems may have a material adverse effect on our business and prospects. Any failure by us to adopt new or enhanced technologies or processes, or to react to changes in existing technologies, could result in product obsolescence, the loss of competitiveness of our products, decreased revenue and a loss of market share to competitors.


Risk Related to the Regulatory Environment

Existing electric utility industry policies and regulations, and any subsequent changes, may present technical, regulatory and economic barriers to the purchase and use of solar energy systems that may significantly reduce demand for our products or harm our ability to compete.
Federal, state, local and foreign government regulations and policies concerning the broader electric utility industry, as well as internal policies and regulations promulgated by electric utilities and organized electric markets with respect to fees, practices, and rate design, heavily influence the market for electricity generation products and services. These regulations and policies often affect electricity pricing and the interconnection of generation facilities, and can be subject to frequent modifications by governments, regulatory bodies, utilities and market operators. For example, changes in fee structures, electricity pricing structures, and system permitting, interconnection and operating requirements can deter purchases of renewable energy products, including solar energy systems, by reducing anticipated revenues or increasing costs or regulatory burdens for would-be system purchasers. The resulting reductions in demand for solar energy systems could harm our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations.
A significant recent development in renewable-energy pricing policies in the United States occurred on December 31, 2020, when a final rule amending the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC”) regulations that implement the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (“PURPA”) became effective. Among other requirements, PURPA mandates that electric utilities buy the output of certain renewable generators, including qualifying solar energy facilities, below established capacity thresholds. PURPA also requires that such sales occur at a utility’s “avoided cost” rate. FERC’s PURPA reforms include modifications (1) to how regulators and electric utilities may establish avoided cost rates for new contracts, (2) that reduce from 20 MW to 5 MW the capacity threshold above which a renewable-energy qualifying facility is rebuttably presumed to have non-discriminatory market access, thereby removing the requirement for utilities to purchase its output, (3) that require regulators to establish criteria for determining when an electric utility incurs a legally enforceable obligation to purchase from a PURPA qualifying facility, and (4) that reduce barriers for third parties to challenge PURPA eligibility. The net effect of these changes is uncertain, as they have only been effective for a short time, and some changes will not become fully effective until states and other jurisdictions implement the new authorities provided by FERC. In general, however, FERC’s PURPA reforms have the potential to reduce prices for the output from certain new renewable generation projects while also narrowing the scope of PURPA eligibility for new projects. These effects could reduce demand for PURPA-eligible solar energy systems and could harm our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations.
Changes in other current laws or regulations applicable to us or the imposition of new laws, regulations or policies in the United States, Europe or other jurisdictions in which we do business could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Any changes to government, utility or electric market regulations or policies that favor electric utilities, non-solar generation, or other market participants, or that make construction or operation of new solar generation facilities more expensive or difficult, could reduce the competitiveness of solar energy systems and cause a significant reduction in demand for our products and services and adversely impact our growth. In addition, changes in our products or changes in export and import laws and implementing regulations may create delays in the introduction of new
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products in international markets, prevent our customers from deploying our products internationally or, in some cases, prevent the export or import of our products to certain countries altogether. Any such event could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The interruption of the flow of components and materials from international vendors could disrupt our supply chain, including as a result of the imposition of additional duties, tariffs and other charges on imports and exports.
We purchase some of our components and materials outside of the United States through arrangements with various vendors. Political, social or economic instability in these regions, or in other regions where our products are made, could cause disruptions in trade, including exports to the United States. Actions in various countries, particularly China and the United States, have created uncertainty with respect to tariff impacts on the costs of some of our components and materials. The degree of our exposure is dependent on (among other things) the type of materials, rates imposed, and timing of the tariffs. Other events that could also cause disruptions to our supply chain include:
the imposition of additional trade law provisions or regulations;
the imposition of additional duties, tariffs and other charges on imports and exports such as anti-dumping and countervailing duties, including as a result of the escalating trade war between China and the United States;
the potential imposition of restrictions on our acquisition, importation, or installation of equipment under future U.S. regulations, if any, implementing the temporarily suspended Executive Order on Securing the United States Bulk-Power System, any successor order, or other subsequently imposed administrative or legislative requirements;
quotas imposed by bilateral trade agreements;
foreign currency fluctuations;
natural disasters;
public health issues and epidemic diseases, their effects (including any disruptions they may cause) or the perception of their effects, such as the ongoing novel coronavirus outbreak originating in China;
theft;
restrictions on the transfer of funds;
the financial instability or bankruptcy of vendors; and
significant labor disputes, such as dock strikes.
We cannot predict whether the countries in which our components and materials are sourced, or may be sourced in the future, will be subject to new or additional trade restrictions imposed by the United States or other foreign governments, including the likelihood, type or effect of any such restrictions. Trade restrictions, including new or increased tariffs or quotas, border taxes, embargoes, safeguards and customs restrictions against certain components and materials, as well as labor strikes and work stoppages or boycotts, could increase the cost or reduce or delay the supply of components and materials available to us and adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Changes in the U.S. trade environment, including the imposition of import tariffs, could adversely affect the amount or timing of our revenues, results of operations or cash flows.
Escalating trade tensions, particularly between the United States and China, have led to increased tariffs and trade restrictions, including tariffs applicable to certain materials and components for our products or for
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products used in solar energy projects more broadly, such as module supply and availability. More specifically, in March 2018, the United States imposed a 25% tariff on steel imports and a 10% tariff on aluminum imports pursuant to Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974 and has imposed additional tariffs on steel and aluminum imports pursuant to Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962. To the extent we continue to use overseas suppliers of steel and aluminum, these tariffs could result in interruptions in the supply chain and impact costs and our gross margins. Additionally, in January 2018, the United States adopted a tariff on imported solar modules and cells pursuant to Section 201 of the Trade Act of 1974. The tariff was initially set at 30%, with a gradual reduction over four years to 15%. While this tariff does not apply directly to the components we import, it may indirectly affect us by impacting the financial viability of solar energy projects, which could in turn reduce demand for our products. Furthermore, in July 2018, the United States adopted a 10% tariff on a long list of products imported from China under Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974, including, inverters and power optimizers, which became effective on September 24, 2018. In June 2019, the U.S. Trade Representative increased the rate of such tariffs from 10% to 25%. While these tariffs are not directly applicable to our products, they could impact the solar energy projects in which our products are used, which could lead to decreased demand for our products.
On January 15, 2020, the United States and China entered into an initial trade deal that preserves the bulk of the tariffs placed in 2018 and maintains a threat of additional tariffs should China breach the terms of the deal. The Biden Administration has not yet indicated whether it will remove or alter any of the aforementioned tariffs.
In addition, the United States currently imposes antidumping and countervailing duties on certain imported crystalline silicon PV cells and modules from China and Taiwan. Such antidumping and countervailing duties can change over time pursuant to annual reviews conducted by the U.S. Department of Commerce, and an increase in duty rates could have an adverse impact on our operating results. In February 2022, Auxin Solar Inc., a U.S. producer of crystalline silicon PV products, petitioned the U.S. Department of Commerce (“USDOC”) to investigate alleged circumvention of antidumping and countervailing duties on Chinese imports by crystalline silicon PV cells and module imports assembled and completed in Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam. On March 28, 2022, the USDOC announced that it would investigate the circumvention alleged in the petition. As the timing and progress of many of our customers’ projects depend upon the supply of PV cells and modules, our operating results could be adversely impacted if the USDOC makes negative circumvention determinations.

Tariffs and the possibility of additional tariffs in the future have created uncertainty in the industry. If the price of solar systems in the United States increases, the use of solar systems could become less economically feasible and could reduce our gross margins or reduce the demand of solar systems manufactured and sold, which in turn may decrease demand for our products. Additionally, existing or future tariffs may negatively affect key customers, suppliers, and manufacturing partners. Such outcomes could adversely affect the amount or timing of our revenues, results of operations or cash flows, and continuing uncertainty could cause sales volatility, price fluctuations or supply shortages or cause our customers to advance or delay their purchase of our products. It is difficult to predict what further trade-related actions governments may take, which may include additional or increased tariffs and trade restrictions, and we may be unable to quickly and effectively react to such actions.

The reduction, elimination or expiration of government incentives for, or regulations mandating the use of, renewable energy and solar energy specifically could reduce demand for solar energy systems and harm our business.
Federal, state, local and foreign government bodies provide incentives to owners, end users, distributors, system integrators and manufacturers of solar energy systems to promote solar electricity in the form of rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives such as system performance payments, payments of
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renewable energy credits associated with renewable energy generation, and an exclusion of solar energy systems from property tax assessments.
For example, the solar ITC provides a federal income tax credit for owners of commercial solar projects that is equal to a percentage of the applicable projects’ cost. The ITC was originally enacted by Congress in 2005, and was most recently extended in 2020. Under the current text of the legislation, the tax credit phases down from its current 26% level to 22% for projects that begin construction in 2023, and then down to 10% for projects that begin construction in 2024 or later.
The range and duration of these incentives varies widely by jurisdiction. Our customers typically use our systems for grid-connected applications wherein solar power is sold under a power purchase agreement or into an organized electric market. This segment of the solar industry has historically depended in large part on the availability and size of government incentives and regulations mandating the use of renewable energy. Consequently, the reduction, elimination or expiration of government incentives for grid-connected solar electricity or regulations mandating the use of renewable energy may negatively affect the competitiveness of solar electricity relative to conventional and non-solar renewable sources of electricity, and could harm or halt the growth of the solar electricity industry and our business. These subsidies and incentives may expire on a particular date, end when the allocated funding is exhausted or be reduced or terminated as solar energy adoption rates increase or as a result of legal challenges, the adoption of new statutes or regulations, or the passage of time. These reductions or terminations may occur without warning.
In addition, federal, state, local and foreign government bodies have implemented various policies that are intended to promote renewable electricity generally or solar electricity in particular. Chief among these policies is the renewable portfolio standard (“RPS). Currently, 30 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and three U.S. territories have implemented some form of RPS, which mandates that a certain portion of electricity delivered by regulated utilities to customers come from a set of eligible renewable energy resources by a certain compliance date. RPSs vary widely by jurisdiction. In some areas, requirements have been satisfied and utilities must only prevent reductions in qualifying energy purchases and sales, while other jurisdictions’ RPSs continue to require substantial increases, up to 100 percent renewable electric generation, with final compliance dates typically 20 or more years out.
While the recent trend has been for jurisdictions with RPSs to maintain or expand them, there have been certain exceptions and there can be no assurances that RPSs or other policies supporting renewable energy will continue. Proposals to extend compliance deadlines, reduce renewable requirements or solar set-asides, or entirely repeal RPSs emerge from time to time in various jurisdictions. Reduction or elimination of RPSs, as well as changes to other renewable-energy and solar-energy policies, could reduce the potential growth of the solar energy industry and our business.
Moreover, policies of the U.S. presidential administration may create regulatory uncertainty in the renewable energy industry, including the solar energy industry, and adversely affect our business. For example, in June 2017, the then U.S. President announced that the United States would withdraw from participation in the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change mitigation. The United States formally announced its intent to withdraw from the Paris Agreement on November 4, 2019, which withdrawal took effect in November 4, 2020. Following the change of presidential administration on January 20, 2021, the U.S. President issued written notification to the United Nations of the United States’ intention to rejoin the Paris Agreement, which became effective on February 19, 2021. Further, on June 19, 2019, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) issued the final Affordable Clean Energy (“ACE”) rule and repealed the 2015 Clean Power Plan (“CPP”). Under the ACE rule, emissions from electric utility generation facilities would be regulated only through the use of various “inside the fence” or onsite efficiency improvements and emission control technologies. In contrast, the CPP allowed facility owners to reduce emissions with “outside the fence” measures, including those associated with renewable energy projects. On January 19, 2021, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit struck down the ACE rule and remanded it to the EPA. On February 12, 2021, EPA issued a memo stating that the agency
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would not reinstate the CPP; therefore, the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions in the power sector is uncertain at this time.
Finally, the solar industry has in past years experienced periodic downturns due to, among other things, changes in subsidies and incentives, as well as other policies and regulations, which, as noted above, may affect the demand for equipment that we manufacture. Although the solar industry has recovered from these downturns, there is no assurance that the solar industry will not suffer significant downturns in the future, which will adversely affect demand for our solar products.

Changes in tax laws or regulations that are applied adversely to us or our customers could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
Tax laws continually change as new laws are passed and new interpretations of the law are issued or applied. For example, in December 2017, the U.S. government enacted Public Law No. 115-97 (the “TCJA”), resulting in various changes to U.S. tax laws, including, among other things, changes to U.S. federal tax rates (including a reduction of the U.S. corporate tax rate), changes to the rules governing the carryback and carryforward of net operating losses, significant additional limitations on the deductibility of interest, and changes to the rules governing the expensing of capital expenditures.
More recently, in March 2020, the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (the "FFCR Act"), and in March 2020, the CARES Act were each enacted in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The FFCR Act and the CARES Act contain several provisions related to income tax, such as provisions relaxing limitations on the deductibility of interest and the use of net operating losses arising in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017. Additionally, in December 2020, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 was enacted, which expands upon the relief provided in the CARES Act and the FFCR Act and includes additional tax-related provisions. We continue to evaluate the impact of the foregoing legislation on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows. Future guidance under the FFCR Act, the CARES Act, and the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (as well as under the TCJA) may be forthcoming, and such guidance could ultimately increase or decrease the impact that such Acts have on our business and financial condition. It is possible that Congress will enact additional legislation in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, some of which could have an impact on us.
Changes like the ones discussed above and other changes to tax laws, such as changes in corporate tax rates, tax incentives for renewable energy projects, the realization of net deferred tax assets relating to our U.S. operations, the taxation of foreign earnings, and the deductibility of expenses under future tax reform legislation could have a material impact on the value of our deferred tax assets, could result in significant one-time charges in the current or future taxable years, and could increase our future U.S. tax expense, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects.

We could be adversely affected by any violations of the FCPA, the U.K. Bribery Act and other foreign anti-bribery laws.
The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended (the “FCPA”), generally prohibits companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to foreign government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Other countries in which we operate also have anti-bribery laws, some of which prohibit improper payments to government and non-government persons and entities. Our policies mandate compliance with these anti-bribery laws. However, we currently operate in and intend to further expand into, many parts of the world that have experienced governmental corruption to some degree and, in certain circumstances, strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. In addition, due to the level of regulation in our industry, our entry into certain jurisdictions requires substantial government contact where norms can differ from U.S. standards. It is possible that our employees, subcontractors, agents and partners may take actions in violation of our policies and anti-bribery laws. Any
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such violation, even if prohibited by our policies, could subject us to criminal or civil penalties or other sanctions, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, cash flows and reputation.


Risks Related to Intellectual Property

If we fail to, or incur significant costs in order to, obtain, maintain, protect, defend or enforce, our intellectual property and other proprietary rights, our business and results of operations could be materially harmed.
Our success depends to a significant degree on our ability to protect our intellectual property and other proprietary rights. We rely on a combination of patent, trademark, copyright, trade secret and unfair competition laws, as well as confidentiality and license agreements and other contractual provisions, to establish and protect our intellectual property and other proprietary rights. Such means may afford only limited protection of our intellectual property and may not (i) prevent our competitors from duplicating our processes or technology; (ii) prevent our competitors from gaining access to our proprietary information and technology; or (iii) permit us to gain or maintain a competitive advantage.
We generally seek or apply for patent protection as and if we deem appropriate, based on then-current facts and circumstances. We have applied for patents in numerous countries across the world, including in the United States, Europe, and China, some of which have been issued. We cannot guarantee that any of our pending patent applications or other applications for intellectual property registrations will be issued or granted or that our existing and future intellectual property rights will be sufficiently broad to protect our proprietary technology. While a presumption of validity exists with respect to United States patents issued to us, there can be no assurance that any of our patents, patent applications, or other intellectual property rights will not be, in whole or in part, opposed, contested, challenged, invalidated, circumvented, designed around, or rendered unenforceable. If we fail to obtain issuance of patents or registration of other intellectual property, or our patent claims or other intellectual property rights are rendered invalid or unenforceable, or narrowed in scope, pursuant to, for example, judicial or administrative proceedings including re-examination, post-grant review, interference, opposition, or derivation proceedings, the coverage of patents and other intellectual property rights afforded our products could be impaired. Even if we are to obtain issuance of further patents or registration of other intellectual property, such intellectual property could be subjected to attacks on ownership, validity, enforceability, or other legal attacks. Any such impairment or other failure to obtain sufficient intellectual property protection could impede our ability to market our products, negatively affect our competitive position and harm our business and operating results, including forcing us to, among other things, rebrand or re-design our affected products. Moreover, our patents and patent applications may only cover particular aspects of our products, and competitors and other third parties may be able to circumvent or design around our patents. Competitors may develop and obtain patent protection for more effective technologies, designs or methods. There can be no assurance that third parties will not create new products or methods that achieve similar or better results without infringing upon patents we own. If these developments were to occur, it could have an adverse effect on our sales or market position.
In countries where we have not applied for patent protection or trademark or other intellectual property registration or where effective patent, trademark, trade secret, and other intellectual property laws and judicial systems may not be available to the same extent as in the United States, we may be at greater risk that our proprietary rights will be circumvented, misappropriated, infringed, or otherwise violated. Filing, prosecuting, maintaining, and defending our intellectual property in all countries throughout the world may be prohibitively expensive, and we may choose to forego such activities in some applicable jurisdictions. The lack of adequate legal protections of intellectual property or failure of legal remedies or related actions in jurisdictions outside of
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the United States could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects.
We have initiated, and may in the future need to initiate infringement claims or litigation in order to try to protect or enforce our intellectual property rights. For instance, we have brought an action against a competitor in connection with misappropriation of trade secrets that remains pending (see Item 3. Legal Proceedings). Litigation, whether we are a plaintiff or a defendant, can be expensive and time-consuming and may divert the efforts of our management and other personnel, which could harm our business, whether or not such litigation results in a determination favorable to us. Litigation also puts our patents or other intellectual property at risk of being invalidated or interpreted narrowly and our patent applications or applications for other intellectual property registrations at risk of not issuing. Additionally, any enforcement of our patents or other intellectual property may provoke third parties to assert counterclaims against us. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

We may need to defend ourselves against third-party claims that we are infringing, misappropriating or otherwise violating others’ intellectual property rights, which could divert management’s attention, cause us to incur significant costs, and prevent us from selling or using the technology to which such rights relate.
Our competitors and other third parties hold numerous patents related to technology used in our industry, and may hold or obtain patents, copyrights, trademarks or other intellectual property rights that could prevent, limit, or interfere with our ability to make, use, develop, sell or market our products and services, which could make it more difficult for us to operate our business. From time to time we may be subject to claims of infringement, misappropriation, or other violation of patents or other intellectual property rights and related litigation, and, if we gain greater recognition in the market, we face a higher risk of being the subject of these types of claims. Regardless of their merit, responding to such claims can be time consuming, can divert management’s attention and resources, and may cause us to incur significant expenses in litigation or settlement, and we cannot be certain that we would be successful in defending against any such claims in litigation or other proceedings. If we do not successfully defend or settle an intellectual property claim, we could be liable for significant monetary damages and could be prohibited from continuing to use certain technology, business methods, content, or brands, and from making, selling or incorporating certain components or intellectual property into the products and services we offer. As a result, we could be forced to redesign our products and services, and/or to establish and maintain alternative branding for our products and services. To avoid litigation or being prohibited from marketing or selling the relevant products or services, we could seek a license from the applicable third-party, which could require us to pay significant royalties, licensing fees, or other payments, increasing our operating expenses. If a license is not available at all or not available on reasonable terms, we may be required to develop or license a non-violating alternative, either of which could be infeasible or require significant effort and expense. If we cannot license or develop a non-violating alternative, we would be forced to limit or stop sales of our offerings and may be unable to effectively compete. Moreover, there could be public announcements of the results of hearings, motions or other interim proceedings or developments and if securities analysts or investors perceive these results to be negative, it could have a substantial adverse effect on the price of our common stock. Any of these results would materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. Finally, any litigation or claims, whether or not valid, could result in substantial costs, negative publicity and diversion of resources and management attention, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

Risks Related to Growth and Operations

If we fail to manage our recent and future growth effectively, we may be unable to execute our business plan, maintain high levels of customer service or adequately address competitive challenges.
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We have experienced significant growth in recent periods. We intend to continue to expand our business significantly within existing and new markets. This growth has placed, and any future growth may place, a significant strain on our management, operational and financial infrastructure. In particular, we will be required to expand, train and manage our growing employee base and scale and otherwise improve our IT infrastructure in tandem with that headcount growth. Our management will also be required to maintain and expand our relationships with customers, suppliers and other third parties and attract new customers and suppliers, as well as manage multiple geographic locations.
Our current and planned operations, personnel, IT and other systems and procedures might be inadequate to support our future growth and may require us to make additional unanticipated investment in our infrastructure. Our success and ability to further scale our business will depend, in part, on our ability to manage these changes in a cost-effective and efficient manner. If we cannot manage our growth, we may be unable to take advantage of market opportunities, execute our business strategies or respond to competitive pressures. This could also result in declines in quality or customer satisfaction, increased costs, difficulties in introducing new offerings or other operational difficulties. Any failure to effectively manage growth could adversely impact our business and reputation.

We depend upon a number of outside vendors. Our operations could be disrupted if we encounter problems with these vendors.
While we manufacture products at our principal manufacturing facility in Albuquerque, New Mexico, we depend upon a number of vendors to manufacture certain components used in our products. Our reliance on these vendors makes us vulnerable to possible capacity constraints and reduced control over component availability, delivery schedules, manufacturing yields and costs.
If any of our vendors were unable or unwilling to manufacture the components that we require for our products in sufficient volumes and at high quality levels or renew existing terms under supply agreements, we would have to manufacture at our principal manufacturing facility the components manufactured by our vendors or identify, qualify and select acceptable alternative vendors, if not already multi-sourced. Manufacturing at our principal manufacturing facility the components manufactured by our vendors may lower our cost efficiency, and an alternative vendor may not be available to us when needed or may not be in a position to satisfy our quality or production requirements on commercially reasonable terms, including price. Any significant interruption in manufacturing would require us to reduce our supply of products to our customers or increase our shipping costs to make up for delays in manufacturing, which in turn could reduce our revenues, harm our relationships with our customers and damage our reputation with local installers and potential end-users and cause us to forego potential revenue opportunities.

We may incur obligations, liabilities or costs under environmental, health and safety laws, which could have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our operations involve the use, handling, generation, storage, discharge and disposal of hazardous substances, chemicals and wastes. As a result, we are required to comply with national, state, local, and foreign laws and regulations regarding the protection of the environment and health and safety. Adoption of more stringent laws and regulations in the future could require us to incur substantial costs to come into compliance with these laws and regulations. In addition, violations of, or liabilities under, these laws and regulations may result in restrictions being imposed on our operating activities or in our being subject to adverse publicity, substantial fines, penalties, criminal proceedings, third-party property damage or personal injury claims, cleanup costs, or other costs. We may become liable under certain of these laws and regulations for costs to investigate or remediate contamination at properties we own or operate, we formerly owned or operated or to which hazardous substances were sent by us for disposal. Liability under these laws and regulations can be imposed on a joint and several basis and without regard to fault or the legality of the activities giving rise to the contamination conditions. In addition, future developments such as more aggressive
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enforcement policies or the discovery of presently unknown environmental conditions may require expenditures that could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

We are required to make payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement (“TRA”) if and when cash tax savings are realized, and the amounts of such payments could be significant.
Concurrent with Former Parent’s acquisition of Array Technologies Patent Holdings Co., LLC. (“Patent LLC”), Array Tech, Inc. (f/k/a Array Technologies, Inc.) entered into the TRA with Ron P. Corio, a former indirect stockholder. The TRA requires that Array Tech, Inc. (f/k/a Array Technologies, Inc.) pay Ron P. Corio for a portion of certain federal, state, local and non-U.S. tax benefits that we actually realize (or are deemed to realize in certain circumstances) in taxable periods following Former Parent’s acquisition of the Patent LLC. These payments are obligations if and when cash tax savings are realized. The TRA will continue until all tax benefit payments have been made or we elect early termination under the terms described in the TRA (or the TRA is otherwise terminated pursuant to its terms).
Estimating the amount of payments that may be made under the TRA is by nature imprecise; however, these payments could be significant. We estimate that, as of December 31, 2021, the undiscounted future expected payments under the TRA are $20.4 million. In addition, in certain cases, payments under the TRA may be accelerated and/or significantly exceed the actual benefits, if any, we realize in respect of the tax attributes subject to the TRA. Moreover, we will not be reimbursed for any payments made under the TRA in the event that any tax benefits are subsequently disallowed.
Further, our payment obligations under the TRA are not conditioned upon Ron P. Corio having a continued interest in us or our subsidiaries. Accordingly, Ron P. Corio’s interests may conflict with those of the holders of our common stock.

Significant changes in the cost of raw materials could adversely affect our financial performance.
We are subject to risk from fluctuating market prices of certain commodity raw materials, including steel and aluminum, that are used in our products. Prices of these raw materials may be affected by supply restrictions or other market factors from time to time, and we do not enter into hedging arrangements to mitigate commodity risk. Significant price changes for these raw materials could reduce our operating margins if we are unable to recover such increases from our customers, and could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We are dependent on transportation and logistics providers to deliver our products in a cost efficient manner. Disruptions to transportation and logistics, including increases in shipping costs, could adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations.
We rely on transportation and logistics providers for the delivery of our products. We may also incur additional shipping costs when we need to accelerate delivery times. Our ability to deliver our products in a cost efficient manner could be adversely impacted by shortages in available cargo capacity, changes by carriers and transportation companies in policies and practices, such as scheduling, pricing, payment terms and frequency of service or increases in the cost of fuel, taxes and labor, disruptions to shipping facilities as a result of the COVID-19 or other epidemics, and other factors not within our control. Disruptions to transportation and logistics, including increases in shipping costs, could adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations.

We may experience delays, disruptions or quality control problems in our manufacturing operations.
Our product development, manufacturing and testing processes are complex and require significant technological and production process expertise. Such processes involve a number of precise steps from design to production. Any change in our processes could cause one or more production errors, requiring a
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temporary suspension or delay in our production line until the errors can be researched, identified and properly addressed and rectified. This may occur particularly as we introduce new products, modify our engineering and production techniques, and/or expand our capacity. In addition, our failure to maintain appropriate quality assurance processes could result in increased product failures, loss of customers, increased warranty reserve, increased production and logistics costs and delays. Any of these developments could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Failure by our vendors or our component or raw material suppliers to use ethical business practices and comply with applicable laws and regulations may adversely affect our business.
We do not control our vendors or suppliers or their business practices. Accordingly, we cannot guarantee that they follow ethical business practices such as fair wage practices and compliance with environmental, safety and other local laws. A lack of demonstrated compliance could lead us to seek alternative manufacturers or suppliers, which could increase our costs and result in delayed delivery of our products, product shortages or other disruptions of our operations. Violation of labor or other laws by our manufacturers or suppliers or the divergence of a supplier’s labor or other practices from those generally accepted as ethical in the United States or other markets in which we do business could also attract negative publicity for us and harm our business.

If we fail to retain our key personnel or if we fail to attract additional qualified personnel, we may not be able to achieve our anticipated level of growth and our business could suffer.
Our future success and ability to implement our business strategy depends, in part, on our ability to attract and retain key personnel, and on the continued contributions of members of our senior management team and key technical personnel, each of whom would be difficult to replace. All of our employees, including our senior management, are free to terminate their employment relationships with us at any time. Competition for highly skilled individuals with technical expertise is extremely intense, and we face challenges identifying, hiring and retaining qualified personnel in many areas of our business. Integrating new employees into our team could prove disruptive to our operations, require substantial resources and management attention and ultimately prove unsuccessful. An inability to retain our senior management and other key personnel or to attract additional qualified personnel could limit or delay our strategic efforts, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

Our planned expansion into new markets could subject us to additional business, financial, regulatory and competitive risks.
Our strategy is to grow our revenues outside of the United States by developing region-specific products; entering into joint-venture or licensing arrangements with companies in certain markets; expanding our relationships with value-added resellers of our products in some countries; and utilizing locally sourced components in our products in jurisdictions where locally sourced components are a regulatory or customer requirement.
Our strategy to grow our revenues outside of the United States includes North America, South America, Europe and Southeast Asia but currently excludes China. Our products and services to be offered in these regions may differ from our current products and services in several ways, such as the consumption and utilization of local raw materials, components and logistics, the re-engineering of select components to reduce costs, and region-specific customer training, site commissioning, warranty remediation and other technical services. We plan to implement this strategy in phases over the next approximately two years, beginning with the qualification of region-specific suppliers and vendors and followed by the design and qualification of region-specific components and products.
These markets have different characteristics from the markets in which we currently sell products, and our success will depend on our ability to adapt properly to these differences. These differences may include
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differing regulatory requirements, including tax laws, trade laws, labor regulations, tariffs, export quotas, customs duties or other trade restrictions, limited or unfavorable intellectual property protection, international political or economic conditions, restrictions on the repatriation of earnings, longer sales cycles, warranty expectations, product return policies and cost, performance and compatibility requirements. In addition, expanding into new geographic markets will increase our exposure to presently existing risks, such as fluctuations in the value of foreign currencies and difficulties and increased expenses in complying with U.S. and foreign laws, regulations and trade standards, including the FCPA.
Failure to develop these new products successfully or to otherwise manage the risks and challenges associated with our potential expansion into new geographic markets could adversely affect our revenues and our ability to achieve or sustain profitability.

The requirements of being a public company may strain our resources, divert management’s attention and affect our ability to attract and retain qualified board members and officers.
As a public company, we are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, the listing requirements of Nasdaq, and other applicable securities rules and regulations. Compliance with these rules and regulations will increase our legal and financial compliance costs, make some activities more difficult, time-consuming or costly and increase demand on our systems and resources. The Exchange Act requires, among other things, that we file annual, quarterly and current reports with respect to our business and results of operations and maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting. To maintain and, if required, improve our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting to meet this standard, including becoming compliant with SOX 404, significant resources and management oversight may be required. As a result, management’s attention may be diverted from other business concerns, which could harm our business and results of operations. Although we have already hired additional employees for these heightened requirements, we may need to hire more employees in the future which would increase our costs and expenses.

Risks Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has materially and adversely affected our business and results of operations. The duration and extent to which it will continue to adversely impact our business and results of operations remains uncertain and could be material.
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a widespread public health crisis and numerous disease control measures being taken to limit its spread, including travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, shelter-in-place orders, and shutdowns. These measures have materially impacted and are continuing to impact our workforce and operations, the operations of our customers, and those of our respective vendors and suppliers. This has resulted in disruptions at many of our manufacturing operations and facilities, and further disruptions could occur in the future. Any such disruptions could materially adversely affect our business. We continue to closely monitor the situation in all the locations where we operate. The impact of the pandemic on our business has included and could in the future include:
disruptions to or restrictions on our ability to ensure the continuous provision of our manufacturing services and solutions;
temporary closures or reductions in operational capacity of our manufacturing facilities;
temporary closures of our direct and indirect suppliers, resulting in adverse effects to our supply chain, and other supply chain disruptions, which adversely affect our ability to procure sufficient inventory to support customer orders;
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restrictions or disruptions of transportation, such as reduced availability of air transport, port closures, and increased border controls or closures;
increases in operational expenses and other costs related to requirements implemented to mitigate the impact of the pandemic;
delays or limitations on the ability of our customers to perform or make timely payments or take deliveries;
reductions in short- and long-term demand for our manufacturing services and solutions, or other disruptions in technology buying patterns;
workforce disruptions due to illness, quarantines, governmental actions, other restrictions, and/or the social distancing measures we have taken to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 at our locations around the world in an effort to protect the health and well-being of our employees, customers, suppliers and of the communities in which we operate (including working from home, restricting the number of employees attending events or meetings in person, limiting the number of people in our buildings and factories at any one time, further restricting access to our facilities and suspending employee travel); and
our management team continuing to commit significant time, attention and resources to monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic and seeking to mitigate its effects on our business and workforce.
The global spread of COVID-19 also has created significant macroeconomic uncertainty, volatility and disruption, which may continue to adversely affect our and our customers’ and suppliers’ liquidity, cost of capital and ability to access the capital markets. As a result, the continued spread of COVID-19 could cause further disruptions in our supply chain and customer demand, and could adversely affect the ability of our customers to perform, including in making timely payments to us, which could further adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations. Even after the COVID-19 pandemic has subsided, we may continue to experience adverse impacts to our business as a result of the pandemic’s global economic impact, including any recession, economic downturn, government spending cuts, tightening of credit markets or increased unemployment that has occurred or may occur in the future, which could cause our customers and potential customers to postpone or reduce spending on our manufacturing services and solutions.
The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to impact our business and financial results going forward will be dependent on future developments such as the length and severity of the crisis, the potential resurgence of COVID-19 in the future including variants of the virus, the availability and distribution of effective treatments, vaccines and boosters, and public health measures and actions taken throughout the world to contain COVID-19, and the overall impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy and capital markets, among many other factors, all of which remain highly uncertain and unpredictable. We cannot at this time quantify or forecast the business impact of COVID-19, and there can be no assurance that the COVID-19 pandemic will not have a material and adverse effect on our business, financial results and financial condition. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic increases the likelihood and potential severity of other risks described in this Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors”.

Risks Related to Information Technology

Failure to effectively utilize information technology systems or implement new technologies could disrupt our business or reduce our sales or profitability.
We rely extensively on various information technology systems, including data centers, hardware, software and applications to manage many aspects of our business, including to operate and provide our products and
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services, to process and record transactions, to enable effective communication systems, to track inventory flow, to manage logistics and to generate performance and financial reports. We are dependent on the integrity, security and consistent operations of these systems and related back-up systems. Our computer and information technology systems and the third-party systems we rely upon are also subject to damage or interruption from a number of causes, including power outages; computer and telecommunications failures; computer viruses, malware, phishing or distributed denial-of-service attacks; security breaches; cyber-attacks; catastrophic events such as fires, floods, earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes; acts of war or terrorism and design or usage errors by our employees or contractors.
Compromises, interruptions or shutdowns of our systems, including those managed by third parties, whether intentional or inadvertent, could lead to delays in our business operations and, if significant or extreme, affect our results of operations.
From time to time, our systems require modifications and updates, including by adding new hardware, software and applications; maintaining, updating or replacing legacy programs; and integrating new service providers, and adding enhanced or new functionality. Although we are actively selecting systems and vendors and implementing procedures to enable us to maintain the integrity of our systems when we modify them, there are inherent risks associated with modifying or replacing systems, and with new or changed relationships, including accurately capturing and maintaining data, realizing the expected benefit of the change and managing the potential disruption of the operation of the systems as the changes are implemented. Potential issues associated with implementation of these technology initiatives could reduce the efficiency of our operations in the short term. In addition, any interruption in the operation of our websites or systems could cause us to suffer reputational harm or to lose sales if customers are unable to access our site or purchase merchandise from us during such interruption. The efficient operation and successful growth of our business depends upon our information technology systems. The failure of our information technology systems and the third-party systems we rely on to perform as designed, or our failure to implement and operate them effectively, could disrupt our business or subject us to liability and thereby have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

Unauthorized disclosure of personal or sensitive data or confidential information, whether through a breach of our computer system or otherwise, could severely hurt our business.
Some aspects of our business involves the collection, receipt, use, storage, processing and transmission of personal information (of our customers’ and end users of our customers’ solar energy systems, including names, addresses, e-mail addresses, credit information, energy production statistics), consumer preferences as well as confidential information and personal data about our employees, our suppliers and us, some of which is entrusted to third-party service providers and vendors. We increasingly rely on commercially available systems, software, tools (including encryption technology) and monitoring to provide security and oversight for processing, transmission, storage and protection of confidential information and personal data. Despite the security measures we have in place, our facilities and systems, and those of third parties with which we do business, may be vulnerable to security breaches, acts of vandalism and theft, computer viruses, misplaced or lost data, programming and/or human errors, or other similar events, and there is no guarantee that inadvertent or unauthorized use or disclosure will not occur or that third parties will not gain unauthorized access to this type of confidential information and personal data.
Electronic security attacks designed to gain access to personal, sensitive or confidential information data by breaching mission critical systems of large organizations are constantly evolving, and high profile electronic security breaches leading to unauthorized disclosure of confidential information or personal data have occurred recently at a number of major U.S. companies.
Attempts by computer hackers or other unauthorized third parties to penetrate or otherwise gain access to our computer systems or the systems of third parties with which we do business through fraud or other means of
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deceit, if successful, may result in the misappropriation of personal information, data, check information or confidential business information. Hardware, software or applications we utilize may contain defects in design or manufacture or other problems that could unexpectedly compromise information security. In addition, our employees, contractors or third parties with which we do business or to which we outsource business operations may attempt to circumvent our security measures in order to misappropriate such information and data, and may purposefully or inadvertently cause a breach or other compromise involving such information and data. Despite advances in security hardware, software, and encryption technologies, the methods and tools used to obtain unauthorized access, disable or degrade service, or sabotage systems are constantly changing and evolving, and may be difficult to anticipate or detect for long periods of time. We are implementing and updating our processes and procedures to protect against unauthorized access to, or use of, secured data and to prevent data loss. However, the ever-evolving threats mean we and our third-party service providers and vendors must continually evaluate and adapt our respective systems, procedures, controls and processes, and there is no guarantee that they will be adequate to safeguard against all data security breaches, misappropriating of confidential information, or misuses of personal data. Moreover, because techniques used to obtain unauthorized access or sabotage systems change frequently and generally are not identified until they are launched against a target, we and our suppliers or vendors may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative or mitigation measures.
Despite our precautions, an electronic security breach in our systems (or in the systems of third parties with which we do business) that results in the unauthorized release of personally identifiable information regarding customers, employees or other individuals or other sensitive data could nonetheless occur lead to serious disruption of our operations, financial losses from remedial actions, loss of business or potential liability, including possible punitive damages. As a result, we could be subject to demands, claims and litigation by private parties, and investigations, related actions, and penalties by regulatory authorities. In addition, we could incur significant costs in notifying affected persons and entities and otherwise complying with the multitude of foreign, federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the unauthorized access to, or use or disclosure of, personal information. Finally, any perceived or actual unauthorized access to, or use or disclosure of, such information could harm our reputation, substantially impair our ability to attract and retain customers and have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
In addition, as the regulatory environment relating to retailers and other companies’ obligation to protect such sensitive data becomes increasingly rigorous, with new and constantly changing requirements applicable to our business, compliance with those requirements could result in additional costs, and a material failure on our part to comply could subject us to fines or other regulatory sanctions and potentially to lawsuits. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

Failure to comply with current or future federal, state and foreign laws and regulations and industry standards relating to privacy, data protection, advertising and consumer protection could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
We rely on a variety of marketing and advertising techniques and we are subject to various laws, regulations and industry standards that govern such marketing and advertising practices. A variety of federal, state and foreign laws and regulations and certain industry standards govern the collection, use, processing retention, sharing and security of consumer data.
Laws, regulations and industry standards relating to privacy, data protection, marketing and advertising, and consumer protection are evolving and subject to potentially differing interpretations. These requirements may be interpreted and applied in a manner that is inconsistent from one jurisdiction to another or may conflict with other rules or our practices. As a result, our practices may not have complied or may not comply in the future with all such laws, regulations, standards, requirements and obligations. Any failure, or perceived failure, by us to comply with our posted privacy policies or with any federal or state privacy or consumer protection-related
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laws, regulations, industry self-regulatory principles, industry standards or codes of conduct, regulatory guidance, orders to which we may be subject or other legal obligations relating to privacy or consumer protection could adversely affect our reputation, brand and business, and may result in claims, fines, penalties, investigations, proceedings or actions against us by governmental entities, customers, suppliers or others or other liabilities or may require us to change our operations and/or cease using certain data.
Any such claims, proceedings, investigations or actions could hurt our reputation, brand and business, force us to incur significant expenses in defense of such claims, proceedings, investigations or actions, distract our management, increase our costs of doing business, result in a loss of customers, suppliers or vendors and result in the imposition of monetary penalties. We may also be contractually required to indemnify and hold harmless third parties from the costs and consequences of non-compliance with any laws, regulations or other legal obligations relating to privacy or consumer protection or any inadvertent or unauthorized use or disclosure of data that we store or handle as part of operating our business.
Federal, state and foreign governmental authorities continue to evaluate the privacy implications inherent in the use of third-party “cookies” and other methods of online tracking for behavioral advertising and other purposes. The U.S. government has enacted, has considered or is considering legislation or regulations that could significantly restrict the ability of companies and individuals to engage in these activities, such as by regulating the level of consumer notice and consent required before a company can employ cookies or other electronic tracking tools or the use of data gathered with such tools. Additionally, some providers of consumer devices and web browsers have implemented, or announced plans to implement, means to make it easier for Internet users to prevent the placement of cookies or to block other tracking technologies, which could, if widely adopted, result in the use of third-party cookies and other methods of online tracking becoming significantly more restricted and less effective. The regulation of the use of these cookies and other current online tracking and advertising practices or a loss in our ability to make effective use of services that employ such technologies could increase our costs of operations and limit our ability to acquire new customers on cost-effective terms and, consequently, materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
In addition, various federal, state and foreign legislative and regulatory bodies, or self-regulatory organizations, may expand current laws or regulations, enact new laws or regulations or issue revised rules or guidance regarding privacy, data protection, consumer protection, and advertising. For example, in June 2018, the State of California enacted the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (the “CCPA”), which came into effect on January 1, 2020. The CCPA requires companies that process information relating to California residents to implement additional data security measures, to make new disclosures to consumers about their data collection, use and sharing practices, and allows consumers to opt out of certain data sharing with third parties. In addition, the CCPA provides for civil penalties and allows private lawsuits from California residents in the event of certain data breaches. Additionally, the Federal Trade Commission and many state attorneys general are interpreting federal and state consumer protection laws to impose standards for the online collection, use, dissemination and security of data. Each of these privacy, security, and data protection laws and regulations, and any other such changes or new laws or regulations, could impose significant limitations, require changes to our business, or restrict our use or storage of personal information, which may increase our compliance expenses and make our business more costly or less efficient to conduct. In addition, any such changes could compromise our ability to develop an adequate marketing strategy and pursue our growth strategy effectively.
Any failure to comply with applicable laws or other obligations or any security incident or breach involving the misappropriation, loss or other unauthorized processing, use or disclosure of sensitive or confidential consumer or other personal information, whether by us, one of our third-party service providers or vendors or another third-party, could have adverse effects, including but not limited to: investigation costs; material fines and penalties; compensatory, special, punitive and statutory damages; litigation; consent orders regarding our privacy and security practices; requirements that we provide notices, credit monitoring services and/or credit restoration services or other relevant services to impacted individuals; reputational damage; and injunctive
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relief. We cannot assure you that our vendors or other third-party service providers with access to our or our customers’ or employees’ personally identifiable and other sensitive or confidential information in relation to which we are responsible will not breach contractual obligations imposed by us, or that they will not experience data security breaches, which could have a corresponding effect on our business, including putting us in breach of our obligations under privacy laws and regulations and/or which could in turn adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. We also cannot assure you that our contractual measures and our own privacy and security-related safeguards will protect us from the risks associated with the third-party processing, use, storage and transmission of such information. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

Risks Related to Indebtedness and Financing

Our indebtedness could adversely affect our financial flexibility and our competitive position.
As of December 31, 2021, we owe $326.8 million under our Senior Secured Credit Facility (as defined below) and $425.0 million on our Convertible Notes. Our level of indebtedness increases the risk that we may be unable to generate cash sufficient to pay amounts due in respect of our indebtedness. Our indebtedness could have other important consequences to you and significant effects on our business. For example, it could:
increase our vulnerability to adverse changes in general economic, industry and competitive conditions;
require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to make payments on our indebtedness, thereby reducing the availability of our cash flow to fund working capital, capital expenditures and other general corporate purposes;
limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industry in which we operate;
restrict us from exploiting business opportunities;
make it more difficult to satisfy our financial obligations, including payments on our indebtedness;
place us at a disadvantage compared to our competitors that have less debt; and
limit our ability to borrow additional funds for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt service requirements, execution of our business strategy or other general corporate purposes.
In addition, the agreement governing the Senior Secured Credit Facility contains, and the agreements evidencing or governing any other future indebtedness may contain, restrictive covenants that will limit our ability to engage in activities that may be in our long-term best interests. Our failure to comply with those covenants could result in an event of default which, if not cured or waived, could result in the acceleration of all of our indebtedness. In addition, a default by us under the agreement governing the Senior Secured Credit Facility or an agreement governing any other future indebtedness may trigger cross-defaults under any other future agreements governing our indebtedness. Upon the occurrence of an event of default or cross-default under any of the present or future agreements governing our indebtedness, the lenders could elect to declare all amounts outstanding to be due and payable and exercise other remedies as set forth in the agreements. If any of our indebtedness were to be accelerated, there can be no assurance that our assets would be sufficient to repay this indebtedness in full, which could have a material adverse effect on our ability to continue to operate as a going concern.
The agreement governing the Senior Secured Credit Facility contains, and the agreements evidencing or governing any other future indebtedness may contain, financial restrictions on us and our restricted subsidiaries, including restrictions on our or our restricted subsidiaries’ ability to, among other things:
place liens on our or our restricted subsidiaries’ assets;
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make investments other than permitted investments;
incur additional indebtedness;
prepay or redeem certain indebtedness;
merge, consolidate or dissolve;
sell assets;
engage in transactions with affiliates;
change the nature of our business;
change our or our subsidiaries’ fiscal year or organizational documents; and
make restricted payments (including certain equity issuances).
In addition, the Revolving Credit Facility (as defined below) also includes a springing financial maintenance covenant that is tested on the last day of each fiscal quarter if the outstanding loans and certain other credit extensions under the Revolving Credit Facility exceed 35% of the aggregate amount of commitments thereunder, subject to customary exclusions and conditions.

Our substantial indebtedness could adversely affect our financial condition.
We currently have, and we will continue to have, a significant amount of indebtedness, including the Convertible Notes. This significant amount of indebtedness could limit our ability to obtain additional financing for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt service requirements, stock repurchases or other purposes. It may also increase our vulnerability to adverse economic, market and industry conditions, limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business operations or to our industry overall, and place us at a disadvantage in relation to our competitors that have lower debt levels. Any or all of the above events and/or factors could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Servicing our debt requires a significant amount of cash, and we may not have sufficient cash flow from our business to pay our substantial debt.
Our ability to make scheduled payments of the principal of, to pay interest on or to refinance our indebtedness, including the Convertible Notes, depends on our future performance, which is subject to economic, financial, competitive and other factors beyond our control. Our business may not continue to generate cash flow from operations in the future sufficient to service our debt and make necessary capital expenditures. If we are unable to generate such cash flow, we may be required to adopt one or more alternatives, such as selling assets, restructuring debt or obtaining additional equity capital on terms that may be onerous or highly dilutive. Our ability to refinance our indebtedness will depend on the capital markets and our financial condition at such time. We may not be able to engage in any of these activities or engage in these activities on desirable terms, which could result in a default on our debt obligations.

The phase-out, replacement or unavailability of LIBOR and/or other interest rate benchmarks could adversely affect our indebtedness.
The interest rates applicable to the Senior Secured Credit Facility are based on, and the interest rates applicable to certain debt obligations we may incur in the future may be based on, a fluctuating rate of interest determined by reference to the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”). In July 2017, the U.K.’s Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to stop persuading or compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR after 2021. In response to concerns regarding the future of LIBOR, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York convened the Alternative Reference Rates Committee (the “ARRC”) to identify alternatives to LIBOR. The ARRC has recommended a benchmark replacement waterfall to assist issuers in continued capital market entry while
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safeguarding against LIBOR’s discontinuation. The initial steps in the ARRC’s recommended provision reference variations of the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”), calculated using short-term repurchase agreements backed by Treasury securities. At this time, it is not possible to predict whether SOFR will attain market traction as a LIBOR replacement. Additionally, it is uncertain if LIBOR will cease to exist after calendar year 2021, or whether additional reforms to LIBOR may be enacted, or whether alternative reference rates will gain market acceptance as a replacement for LIBOR. In anticipation of LIBOR’s phase-out, the credit agreement governing the Senior Secured Credit Facility provides for alternative base rates, as well as a transition mechanism for selecting a benchmark replacement rate for LIBOR, with such benchmark replacement rate to be mutually agreed with the administrative agent and subject to the majority lenders not objecting to such benchmark replacement; provided that, with respect to any proposed amendment containing any SOFR-based rate, the Lenders shall be entitled to object only to the benchmark replacement spread (or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment) contained therein.
There can be no assurance that we will be able to reach any agreement on a replacement benchmark, and there can be no assurance that any agreement we reach will result in effective interest rates at least as favorable to us as our current effective interest rates. The failure to reach an agreement on a replacement benchmark, or the failure to reach an agreement that results in an effective interest rate at least as favorable to us as our current effective interest rates, could result in a significant increase in our debt service obligations, which could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. In addition, the overall financing market may be disrupted as a result of the phase-out or replacement of LIBOR, which could have an adverse impact on our ability to refinance, reprice or amend the Senior Secured Credit Facility, or incur additional indebtedness, on favorable terms, or at all.

We may not be able to raise additional capital to execute our current or future business strategies on favorable terms, if at all, or without dilution to our stockholders.
We expect that we may need to raise additional capital to execute our current or future business strategies. However, we do not know what forms of financing, if any, will be available to us. Some financing activities in which we may engage could cause your equity interest in the Company to be diluted, which could cause the value of your stock to decrease. If financing is not available on acceptable terms, if and when needed, our ability to fund our operations, expand our research and development and sales and marketing functions, develop and enhance our products, respond to unanticipated events, including unanticipated opportunities, or otherwise respond to competitive pressures would be significantly limited. In any such event, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially harmed, and we may be unable to continue our operations.

Recent and future regulatory actions and other events may adversely affect the trading price and liquidity of the Convertible Notes.
We expect that many investors in, and potential purchasers of, the Convertible Notes will employ, or seek to employ, a convertible arbitrage strategy with respect to the Convertible Notes. Investors would typically implement such a strategy by selling short the common stock underlying the Convertible Notes and dynamically adjusting their short position while continuing to hold the Convertible Notes. Investors may also implement this type of strategy by entering into swaps on our common stock in lieu of or in addition to short selling the common stock.
The SEC and other regulatory and self-regulatory authorities have implemented various rules and taken certain actions and may in the future adopt additional rules and take other actions, that may impact those engaging in short selling activity involving equity securities (including our common stock). Such rules and actions include Rule 201 of SEC Regulation SHO, the adoption by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. and the national securities exchanges of a “Limit Up-Limit Down” program, the imposition of market-wide circuit breakers that halt trading of securities for certain periods following specific market declines, and the
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implementation of certain regulatory reforms required by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010. These circuit breakers have been tripped on several occasions during the current period of increased market volatility in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic and may be tripped in the future. Any governmental or regulatory action that restricts the ability of investors in, or potential purchasers of, the Convertible Notes to effect short sales of our common stock, borrow our common stock or enter into swaps on our common stock could adversely affect the trading price and the liquidity of the Convertible Notes.

Despite our current debt levels, we may still incur substantially more debt or take other actions which would intensify the risks discussed above.
Despite our current consolidated debt levels, we and our subsidiaries may be able to incur substantial additional debt in the future, subject to the restrictions contained in our debt instruments, some of which may be secured debt. We will not be restricted under the terms of the indenture governing the Convertible Notes from incurring additional debt, securing existing or future debt, recapitalizing our debt or taking a number of other actions that are not limited by the terms of the indenture governing the Convertible Notes that could have the effect of diminishing our ability to make payments on the Convertible Notes when due. Our Senior Secured Credit Facility restricts our ability to incur additional indebtedness, including secured indebtedness, but if the facility matures or is repaid, we may not be subject to such restrictions under the terms of any subsequent indebtedness.

The conditional conversion feature of the Convertible Notes, if triggered, may adversely affect our financial condition and operating results.
In the event the conditional conversion feature of the Convertible Notes is triggered, holders of Convertible Notes will be entitled to convert the Convertible Notes at any time during specified periods at their option. If one or more holders elect to convert their Convertible Notes, we would be required to settle in cash up to the converted aggregate principal amount of such Convertible Notes converted and may at our election pay the excess of any conversion obligation in cash, which could adversely affect our liquidity. In addition, even if holders do not elect to convert their Convertible Notes, we could be required under applicable accounting rules to reclassify all or a portion of the outstanding principal of the Notes as a current rather than long-term liability, which would result in a material reduction of our net working capital.

The fundamental change repurchase feature of the Notes may delay or prevent an otherwise beneficial attempt to acquire us.
Certain provisions in the indenture governing the Convertible Notes may make it more difficult or expensive for a third-party to acquire us. For example, the indenture governing the Convertible Notes requires us, in certain circumstances, to repurchase the Convertible Notes for cash upon the occurrence of a fundamental change and, in certain circumstances, to increase the conversion rate for a holder that converts its Convertible Notes in connection with a make-whole fundamental change. A takeover of us may trigger the requirement that we repurchase the Convertible Notes and/or increase the conversion rate, which could make it more costly for a potential acquirer to engage in such takeover. Such additional costs may have the effect of delaying or preventing a takeover of us that would otherwise be beneficial to investors.

The capped call transactions may affect the market price of our common stock.
In connection with the pricing of the Convertible Notes, we entered into capped call transactions with several affiliates of the initial purchasers (the “Option Counterparties”). The capped call transactions are expected generally to reduce potential dilution to our common stock upon conversion of any Notes and/or offset any cash payments we are required to make in excess of the principal amount of converted Notes, as the case may be, with such reduction and/or offset subject to a cap.
In addition, the Option Counterparties and/or their respective affiliates may modify their hedge positions by entering into or unwinding various derivatives with respect to our common stock and/or purchasing or selling
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our common stock or other securities of ours in secondary market transactions and prior to the maturity of the Convertible Notes (and are likely to do so on each exercise date for the capped call transactions or following any termination of any portion of the capped call transactions in connection with any repurchase, redemption or early conversion of the Convertible Notes). This activity could cause or avoid an increase or decrease in the market price of our common stock.

We are subject to counterparty risk with respect to the capped call transactions.
The option counterparties are financial institutions, and we are subject to the risk that any or all of them might default under the capped call transactions. Our exposure to the credit risk of the option counterparties is not secured by any collateral. Past global economic conditions have resulted in the actual or perceived failure or financial difficulties of many financial institutions. If an option counterparty becomes subject to insolvency proceedings, we will become an unsecured creditor in those proceedings with a claim equal to our exposure at that time under the capped call transactions with such option counterparty. Our exposure will depend on many factors but, generally, an increase in our exposure will be correlated to an increase in the market price and in the volatility of our common stock. In addition, upon a default by an option counterparty, we may suffer more dilution than we currently anticipate with respect to our common stock. We can provide no assurance as to the financial stability or viability of the option counterparties.

Risks Related to Ownership of Our Common Stock

Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public markets, or the perception that such sales could occur, could reduce the market price of our common stock.
Sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock in the public market, or the perception that such sales could occur, could adversely affect the market price of our common stock. We are unable to predict the effect that such sales may have on the prevailing market price of our common stock.
In connection with the Convertible Notes Offering (as defined below), we, our directors and executive officers agreed, to enter into lock-up agreements with the initial purchasers in the offering pursuant to which we and they agreed not to dispose of or hedge any shares of our common stock or any securities convertible into or exchangeable for shares of our common stock for a period of 60 days after the date of the consummation of the Convertible Notes Offering. Sales of a substantial number of such shares upon expiration of, or the perception that such sales may occur, or early release of the securities subject to, the lock-up agreements, could cause our stock price to fall or make it more difficult for holders of our Convertible Notes to sell common stock they may receive upon conversion of the Convertible Notes at a time and price they deem appropriate.
We may issue common stock or equity securities senior to our common stock in the future for a number of reasons, including to finance our operations and growth plans, to adjust our ratio of debt-to-equity, to satisfy our obligations upon the exercise of options or for other reasons. Future sales or issuances of shares of our common stock or other equity securities, or the availability of shares of common stock or such other equity securities for future sale or issuance may negatively affect the trading price of our common stock. No prediction can be made as to the effect, if any, that future sales or issuance of shares of our common stock or other equity or equity-linked securities will have on the trading price of our common stock and, in turn, the Convertible Notes.

The trading price of our common stock could be volatile, which could result in substantial losses for purchasers of our common stock and subject us to securities class action litigation.
We expect that the market price of our common stock will affect the market price of the Convertible Notes. This may result in greater volatility in the market price of the Convertible Notes than would be expected for non-convertible notes. The trading price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly in response to a number of factors, many of which are beyond our control. For instance, if our financial results are below the expectations of securities analysts and investors, the market price of our common stock could decrease, perhaps
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significantly. The market price of our common stock could also be affected by investors’ anticipation of the potential resale in the market of a substantial number of additional shares of our common stock received upon conversion of the Convertible Notes, possible sales of our common stock by investors who view the Convertible Notes as a more attractive means of equity participation in us than owning shares of our common stock, and hedging or arbitrage trading activity that we expect to develop involving our common stock (which trading activity could, in turn, affect the trading prices of the Convertible Notes). Other factors that may affect the market price of our common stock include announcements relating to significant corporate transactions; fluctuations in our quarterly and annual financial results; operating and stock price performance of companies that investors deem comparable to us; and changes in government regulation or proposals relating to us. In addition, the U.S. securities markets have experienced significant price and volume fluctuations, and these fluctuations often have been unrelated to the operating performance of companies in these markets. Any volatility of or a significant decrease in the market price of our common stock could also negatively affect our ability to make acquisitions using common stock. Further, if we were to be the object of securities class action litigation as a result of volatility in our common stock price or for other reasons, it could result in substantial costs and diversion of our management’s attention and resources, which could negatively affect our financial results. Following periods of such volatility in the market price of a company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been brought against that company. Because of the potential volatility of our stock price, we may become the target of securities litigation in the future. Securities litigation could result in substantial costs and divert management’s attention and resources from our business.
In addition, we expect that the market price of the Convertible Notes will be influenced by yield and interest rates in the capital markets, our creditworthiness and the occurrence of certain events affecting us that do not require an adjustment to the conversion rate. Fluctuations in yield rates may give rise to arbitrage opportunities based upon changes in the relative values of the Convertible Notes and our common stock. Any such arbitrage could, in turn, affect the market prices of our common stock and the Convertible Notes.

We may issue preferred stock whose terms could adversely affect the voting power or value of our common stock.
Our certificate of incorporation authorizes us to issue, without the approval of our stockholders, one or more classes or series of preferred stock having such designations, preferences, limitations and relative rights, including preferences over our common stock respecting dividends and distributions, as our board of directors may determine. The terms of one or more classes or series of preferred stock could adversely impact the voting power or value of our common stock. For example, we might grant holders of preferred stock the right to elect some number of our directors in all events or on the happening of specified events or the right to veto specified transactions. Similarly, the repurchase or redemption rights or liquidation preferences we might assign to holders of preferred stock could affect the residual value of our common stock.

Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control or changes in our management.
Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws contain provisions that could depress the trading price of our common stock by discouraging, delaying or preventing a change of control of our Company or changes in our management that the stockholders of our Company may believe advantageous. These provisions include:
authorizing “blank check” preferred stock that our board of directors could issue to increase the number of outstanding shares to discourage a takeover attempt;
providing for a classified board of directors with staggered, three-year terms, which could delay the ability of stockholders to change the membership of a majority of our board of directors;
not providing for cumulative voting in the election of directors, which limits the ability of minority stockholders to elect director candidates;
limiting the ability of stockholders to call a special stockholder meeting;
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prohibiting stockholders from acting by written consent from and after the date on which Oaktree Power, Oaktree Investors and each of their respective affiliates cease to beneficially own at least 50% of the outstanding shares of common stock (the “Trigger Event”);
establishing advance notice requirements for nominations for election to our board of directors or for proposing matters that can be acted upon by stockholders at stockholder meetings;
from and after the Trigger Event, the removal of directors only for cause and only upon the affirmative vote of the holders of at least 66 2/3% in voting power of all the then-outstanding shares of common stock of the Company entitled to vote thereon;
providing that our board of directors is expressly authorized to amend, alter, rescind or repeal our bylaws; and
from and after the Trigger Event, which occurred in 2020, requiring the affirmative vote of holders of at least 66 2/3% of the voting power of all of the then outstanding shares of common stock to amend provisions of our certificate of incorporation relating to the management of our business, our board of directors, stockholder action by written consent, calling special meetings of stockholders, competition and corporate opportunities, Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”), forum selection and the liability of our directors, or to amend, alter, rescind or repeal our bylaws.
In addition, we are not governed by the provisions of Section 203 of the DGCL, which generally prohibits a Delaware corporation from engaging in a broad range of business combinations with any “interested” stockholder for a period of three years following the date on which the stockholder becomes an “interested” stockholder.
Furthermore, our certificate of incorporation provides that the federal district courts of the United States is the exclusive forum for resolving any complaint asserting a cause of action arising under the Securities Act but that the forum selection provision will not apply to claims brought to enforce a duty or liability created by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).

Our certificate of incorporation provides that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware is the exclusive forum for substantially all disputes between us and our stockholders, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers or employees.
Our certificate of incorporation provides that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware is the exclusive forum for any derivative action or proceeding brought on our behalf; any action asserting a breach of fiduciary duty; any action asserting a claim against us arising pursuant to the DGCL, our certificate of incorporation or our bylaws; any action to interpret, apply, enforce or determine the validity of our certificate of incorporation or our bylaws; any action asserting a claim against us that is governed by the internal affairs doctrine; or any action asserting an “internal corporate claim” as defined in Section 115 of the DGCL. The choice of forum provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with us or our directors, officers or other employees, which may discourage such lawsuits against us and our directors, officers and other employees. Alternatively, if a court were to find the choice of forum provision contained in our certificate of incorporation to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

We do not intend to pay any cash distributions or dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.
We have never declared or paid any distributions or dividends on our common stock, except the Special Distribution (as defined below). We currently intend to retain any future earnings and do not expect to pay any
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cash distributions or dividends in the foreseeable future. Any future determination to declare cash distributions or dividends will be made at the discretion of our board of directors, subject to applicable laws and provisions of our debt instruments and organizational documents, after taking into account our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, general business conditions and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant. As a result, capital appreciation in the price of our common stock, if any, may be your only source of gain on an investment in our common stock.

Internal control deficiencies have been identified that constituted material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. If we fail to implement and maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting, we may be unable to accurately or timely report our financial condition or results of operations, which may adversely affect our business.
Management has determined that the Company had the following material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting at December 31, 2021:

Control Environment and Monitoring – We did not maintain appropriately designed entity-level controls impacting the control environment and effective monitoring controls to prevent or detect material misstatements to the consolidated financial statements. These deficiencies were attributed to (i) the lack of a sufficient number of qualified resources and inadequate oversight and accountability over the performance of controls, and (ii) ineffective evaluation and determination as to whether the components of internal control were present and functioning.

Control Activities – These material weaknesses contributed to the following additional material weaknesses within certain business processes:

Inventory – We did not appropriately design and implement controls over the existence, accuracy, and cutoff of inventory. As previously reported, we identified a material weakness relating to inventory cut-off and in-transit inventory, which continued to exist at December 31, 2021. In addition, we identified a material weakness relating to ineffective controls over our year-end inventory reconciliation process, which resulted in adjustments being recorded as of December 31, 2021.
Revenue Recognition – We did not design, implement and maintain effective controls over revenue recognized for certain contracts relating to the proper application of Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”) . Specifically, we did not maintain effective controls relating to (1) the identification and recognition of performance obligations for customer contracts, and (2) evaluation of customer contracts for potential combination, which resulted in adjustments being recorded as of December 31, 2021, and restatement of the Company’s interim unaudited consolidated financial statements during 2021.
Accounts Receivable – We did not fully design, implement and maintain effective controls over the existence of accounts receivable. Specifically, we did not design controls at an appropriate precision level to identify material misstatements, which resulted in balance sheet adjustments being recorded as of December 31, 2021.
After giving full consideration to these material weaknesses, and the additional analyses and other procedures that we performed to ensure that our consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K were prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, our management has concluded that our consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods disclosed in conformity with U.S. GAAP.

We have begun the process of, and we are focused on, designing and implementing effective measures to strengthen our internal controls over financial reporting and remediate the material weaknesses. Our planned internal control remediation efforts include the following:
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Control Environment and Monitoring – Consistent with the COSO 2013 Framework, Principle 4, attracting, developing, and retaining competent personnel, we have recently hired a Chief Accounting Officer who will provide an additional level of technical accounting expertise, oversight, and monitoring of the design and performance of both existing and newly implemented controls as noted below. We further will continue to hire in 2022, additional accounting and IT personnel to bolster our accounting and IT capabilities and capacity, and we will concentrate on retaining key accounting, IT, and operational personnel. These actions will further serve to remediate the noted material weakness under the COSO 2013 Framework, Principle 16, by enhancing the efforts towards separate evaluations regarding the presence and functionality of the components of internal control, specifically in the areas of inventory, revenue recognition, and accounts receivable, as noted below.

Control Activities:
Inventory – We will enhance the design of existing controls and implement new controls over the accounting, processing, and recording of inventory. Specifically, we have strengthened the design of the management review control over inventory-in-transit. Additionally, we have implemented processes to ensure timely identification and evaluation of inventory cut-off and are requiring additional accountability from counterparties on the accuracy of incoming and outgoing shipment documentation. We also plan to deploy information system enhancements and better use of current system capabilities in order to improve the accuracy of inventory cut-off, reporting, and reconciliation.
Revenue Recognition – We will enhance the design of existing controls and implement new controls over the review of the application and recording of revenue for customer contracts under the guidance outlined in ASC 606. We will also design and implement more precise reviews regarding evaluation of contract terms and whether contracts should be combined. These reviews will include increased contract analysis from our legal team as well as ensuring qualified resources are involved and adequate oversight is performed during the internal technical accounting review process.
Accounts Receivable – We will enhance the design of existing controls and implement new controls over the processing and review of accounts receivable billings. We also plan to supplement our accounting staff with more experienced personnel. Additionally, we will evaluate information system capabilities in order to reduce the manual calculations within this business process.

While these actions and planned actions are subject to ongoing management evaluation and will require validation and testing of the design and operating effectiveness of internal controls over a sustained period of financial reporting cycles, we are committed to the continuous improvement of our internal control over financial reporting and will continue to diligently review our internal control over financial reporting.

While we believe that these efforts will improve our internal control over financial reporting, the implementation of these procedures is ongoing and will require validation and testing of the design and operating effectiveness of internal controls over a sustained period of financial reporting cycles. We cannot be certain that these measures will successfully remediate the material weakness or that other material weaknesses and control deficiencies will not be discovered in the future.

If we fail to maintain an effective system of integrated internal controls, we may not be able to report our financial results accurately, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Ensuring that we have adequate internal financial and accounting controls and procedures in place so that we can produce accurate financial statements on a timely basis is a costly and time-consuming effort that will need to be evaluated frequently. Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires public companies to conduct an annual review and evaluation of their internal controls and requires attestations of the effectiveness of internal controls by independent auditors. Evaluation of our internal controls over financial reporting may identify material weaknesses that may cause us to be unable to report our financial information on a timely basis and thereby subject us to adverse regulatory consequences, including sanctions by the SEC or violations of Nasdaq rules. There also could be a negative reaction in the financial markets due to a loss of investor
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confidence in us and the reliability of our financial statements. Confidence in the reliability of our financial statements also could suffer if we or our independent registered public accounting firm were to report a material weakness in our internal controls over financial reporting. This could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations and could also lead to a decline in the price of our common stock.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2. Properties
Our corporate headquarters are located in Albuquerque, New Mexico and consists of 11,647 square feet of office space and 57,911 square feet of manufacturing, warehousing and shipping space, respectively. We own our corporate headquarters. We lease 28,608 square feet of office space in Chandler, Arizona for executive and corporate office space.
In addition to our corporate headquarters, we lease approximately 1,276,000, 649,000, 500,000, 357,000, 187,000 ,176,000, and 135,000 square feet of warehousing facilities in Kansas, Nevada, Tennessee, Ohio, Texas, New Mexico, and Wisconsin, respectively. We also lease space in Australia, U.K. and Brazil for sales and technical support employees.
We believe that our existing properties are in good condition and are sufficient and suitable for the conduct of our business for the foreseeable future. To the extent our needs change as our business grows, we expect that additional space and facilities will be available.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings
On August 30, 2017, Array filed its first amended complaint in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Mexico against Colin Mitchell, Nextracker, Inc., Flextronics International U.S.A., Inc., Marco Garcia, Daniel S. Shugar, and Scott Graybeal (collectively “Defendants”) asserting (among other claims) trade secret misappropriation, tortious interference with contract, fraud, and breach of contract. Defendant Mitchell was formerly an employee of the Company, but was hired by Nextracker in violation of his non-compete agreement, and shared with Nextracker and the other defendants certain of Array’s trade secrets and confidential information in violation of his legal obligations. Defendants filed their answer to the amended complaint on February 5, 2018 denying the allegations, but did not assert any counterclaims against Array. The case has been vigorously litigated through the close of fact discovery and expert discovery. As of September 1, 2020, the court has ruled on a number of motions, including a dismissal of the Defendants’ unclean hands defense and granting partial summary judgment in favor of Array for breach of contract. As of December 31, 2021, the Court has denied in every material aspect the motion for summary judgment filed by the Defendants. The Court denied without prejudice a motion for sanctions filed by Array. The Court has set a trial date for July 18, 2022.
On May 14, 2021, a putative class action was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York against the Company and certain officers and directors alleging violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and Rule 10b-5, promulgated thereunder, and Sections 11, 12(a)(2) and 15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1933 (“Plymouth Action”). The Plymouth Action alleges misstatements and/or omissions in the Company’s registration statements and prospectuses related to the Company’s October 2020 initial public offering (the “IPO”), the Company’s December 2020 follow-on offering (the “2020 Follow-On Offering”), and the Company’s March 2021 follow-on offering (the “2021 Follow-On Offering”) during the putative class period of October 14, 2020 through May 11, 2021.
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On June 30, 2021, a second putative class action was filed in the Southern District of New York against the Company and certain officers and directors alleging violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and Rule 10b-5, promulgated thereunder, and Sections 11 and 15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1933 (“Keippel Action”). The Keippel Action similarly alleged misstatements and/or omissions in certain of the Company’s registration statements and prospectuses related to the Company’s IPO, the Company’s 2020 Follow-On Offering, and the Company’s 2021 Follow-On Offering during the putative class period of October 14, 2020 through May 11, 2021. On July 6, 2021, the Court entered an order that the Keippel Action was in all material respects substantially similar to the Plymouth Action, that both actions arise out of the same or similar operative facts, and that the parties are substantially the same parties. The Court accordingly consolidated the Keippel Action with the Plymouth Action for all pretrial purposes and ordered all filings to be made in the Plymouth Action.
On July 16, 2021, a verified derivative complaint was filed in the Southern District of New York against certain officers and directors of the Company (“First Derivative Action”). The complaint alleges: (1) violations of Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for misleading proxy statements, (2) breach of fiduciary duty, (3) unjust enrichment, (4) abuse of control, (5) gross mismanagement, (6) corporate waste, (7) aiding and abetting breach of fiduciary duty, and (8) contribution under sections 10(b) and 21D of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

On July 30, 2021, a second and related verified derivative complaint was filed in the Southern District of New York against certain officers and directors of the Company (“Second Derivative Action”). The complaint alleges: (1) violations of Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for causing the issuance of a false/misleading proxy statement, (2) breach of fiduciary duty, and (3) aiding and abetting breaches of fiduciary duty. On August 24, 2021, the Second Derivative Action was consolidated with the First Derivative Action, the Court appointed co-lead counsel, and the case was temporarily stayed pending the entry of an order on all motions to dismiss directed at the pleadings filed in the Plymouth Action. The stay shall remain in effect until the later of (a) the entry of an order on any motions to dismiss the Plymouth Action or, (b) to the extent the complaint in the Plymouth Action is amended, the entry of an order on any motions to dismiss any such amended complaints in the Plymouth Action.
On September 21, 2021, the Court appointed a group comprised of institutional investors Plymouth County Retirement Association and Carpenters Pension Trust Fund for Northern California as lead plaintiff in the Plymouth Action. The deadline for the lead plaintiff to file an amended complaint in the Plymouth action was originally November 19, 2021, but was subsequently extended by agreement of the parties and further order of the Court.
On December 7, 2021, an amended class action complaint was filed by lead plaintiff in the Plymouth Action against the Company and certain officers and directors alleging violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and Rule 10b-5, promulgated thereunder, and Sections 11, 12(a)(2), and 15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1933, on behalf of a putative class of persons and entities that purchased or otherwise acquired the Company’s securities during the period from October 14, 2020 through May 11, 2021 (the “Consolidated Amended Complaint”). The Consolidated Amended Complaint alleges misstatements and/or omissions in: (1) certain of the Company’s registration statements and prospectuses related to the Company’s IPO, the Company’s 2020 Follow-On Offering, and the Company’s 2021 Follow-On Offering; (2) in the Company’s annual report and associated press release announcing results for the fourth quarter and full fiscal year 2020; and (3) in the Company’s November 5, 2020 and March 9, 2021 earnings calls.
Consistent with the individual rules of practice for the Court in the Plymouth Action, on January 24, 2022, the defendants in the Plymouth Action, including the Company and certain of its officers and directors named as defendants therein, served on lead plaintiff and the Court a letter outlining why the Consolidated Amended Complaint should be dismissed in its entirety. Lead plaintiff must respond to that letter on or before February 23, 2022, stating the extent, if any, to which lead plaintiff concurs with the defendants’ objections and the
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amendments, if any, to be made to the Consolidated Amended Complaint to address them, or else stating the reasons and controlling authority that lead plaintiff asserts supports the Consolidated Amended Complaint. If, as a result of this exchange of letters, the parties have failed to resolve their dispute about the sufficiency of the Consolidated Amended Complaint, then, on or before March 21, 2022, defendants must submit a letter to the Court setting forth the reason why a motion dismiss is warranted.
From time to time, we may be involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of our operations and businesses that cover a wide range of matters, including, among others, intellectual property matters, contract and employment claims, personal injury claims, product liability claims and warranty claims. Currently, there are no claims or proceedings against us that we believe will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. However, the results of any current or future litigation cannot be predicted with certainty and, regardless of the outcome, we may incur significant costs and experience a diversion of management resources as a result of litigation.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information
Our Common Stock, par value US$0.001 per share, began trading on the Nasdaq Global Market under the symbol “ARRY” on October 15, 2020. Prior to that date, there was no public trading market for our common stock.

Holders of Record
As of March 31, 2022, there were approximately 8 stockholders of record of our common stock, which does not include shares held in street name.

Dividend Policy
We have never declared or paid any distributions or dividends on our common stock, except the Special Distribution. We currently intend to retain any future earnings and do not expect to pay any cash distributions or dividends in the foreseeable future. Any future determination to declare cash distributions or dividends will be made at the discretion of our board of directors, subject to applicable laws and provisions of our debt instruments and organizational documents, after taking into account our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, general business conditions and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant.

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Our Equity Compensation Plans
Information regarding securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans is incorporated herein by reference to Item 12, “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters” of Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Stock Performance Graph
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The following graph compares the five-year cumulative total return on our common stock relative to the cumulative total returns of and Russel 2000 Index, our 2020 Peer Group Index and our 2021 Peer Group Index, which both represent a peer group of solar companies. For purposes of the graph, an investment of $100 (with reinvestment of all dividends) is assumed to have been made in our common stock, the Russel 2000 Index and our 2020 Peer Group and 2021 Peer Group on October 15, 2020, and its relative performance is tracked through December 31, 2021. This graph is not “soliciting material,” is not deemed filed with the SEC, and is not to be incorporated by reference in any filing by us under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, whether made before or after the date hereof, and irrespective of any general incorporation language in any such filing. The stock price performance shown in the graph represents past performance and is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.

https://cdn.kscope.io/6c2bdfe3b20328605fac19fa872b0929-arry-20211231_g2.jpg

Recent Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities
Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred

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On August 10, 2021, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”) pursuant to which on August 11, 2021, the Company issued and sold to certain investors (the “Purchasers”) 350,000 shares of a newly designated Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock of the Company, par value $0.001 per share (the “Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock”), and 7,098,765 shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Common Stock”), for an aggregate purchase price of $346.0 million (the “Initial Closing”). Further, pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company issued and sold to the Purchaser 776,235 shares of Common Stock for an aggregate purchase price of $776. The Company used net proceeds from the Initial Closing of $334.6 million to repay all of the outstanding amounts under the Company’s existing Revolving Credit Facility (as defined below) and prepaid $100 million under the Company’s Term Loan Facility (as defined below) and for general corporate purposes. The Purchaser is entitled to designate one representative to be appointed to the Company’s board of directors, and to appoint three non-voting observers to the board of directors, in each case until such time as the Purchaser no longer beneficially own shares of the Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock with at least $100 million aggregate Liquidation Preference (as defined below). The Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock has no maturity date. The securities issued pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement were offered, issued and sold in reliance upon the exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act set forth under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.
For more information regarding the Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock and our unregistered sales of equity securities, see Note 11 - Redeemable Perpetual Preferred and Note 10 - Convertible Debt in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
None.


























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Item 6. Reserved


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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes and other financial information included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. In addition to historical financial information, the following discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results and timing of selected events may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including those discussed under the sections of this Form 10-K captioned “Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors.”

Overview
We are one of the world’s largest manufacturers of ground-mounting systems used in solar energy projects. Our principal product is an integrated system of steel supports, electric motors, gearboxes and electronic controllers commonly referred to as a single-axis “tracker.” Trackers move solar panels throughout the day to maintain an optimal orientation to the sun, which significantly increases their energy production. Solar energy projects that use trackers generate more energy and deliver a lower LCOE than projects that use “fixed tilt” mounting systems, which do not move. The vast majority of ground mounted solar systems in the United States use trackers.
Our trackers use a patented design that allows one motor to drive multiple rows of solar panels through articulated driveline joints. To avoid infringing on our U.S. patent, our competitors must use designs that we believe are inherently less efficient and reliable. For example, our largest competitor’s design requires one motor for each row of solar panels. As a result, we believe our products have greater reliability, lower installation costs, reduced maintenance requirements and competitive manufacturing costs. Our core U.S. patent on a linked-row, rotating gear drive system does not expire until February 5, 2030.
We sell our products to engineering, procurement and construction firms (“EPCs”) that build solar energy projects and to large solar developers, independent power producers and utilities, often under master supply agreements or multi-year procurement contracts. During the year ended December 31, 2021, we derived 97% and 3% of our revenues from customers in the United States and rest of the world, respectively.
We are a U.S. company and our headquarters and principal manufacturing facility are in Albuquerque, New Mexico. As of December 31, 2021, we had 471 full-time employees.

Acquisition of STI
On January 11, 2022 (the “Closing Date”), the Company completed the previously announced STI Acquisition, pursuant to that certain definitive agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”), dated as of November 10, 2021, by and among Array Tech, Inc, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, Amixa Capital, S.L. and Aurica Trackers, S.L., each a company duly organized under the laws of the Kingdom of Spain, and Mr. Javier Reclusa Etayo.
In accordance with the Purchase Agreement, the Company paid closing consideration to STI consisting of $410.5 million in cash (the “Cash Consideration”) and 13,894,800 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Stock Consideration”). The fair value of the cash and common stock consideration was $610.7 million and resulted in the Company owning 100% of the interests in STI. The Company is in the process of performing a valuation of the acquisition assets and liabilities and the related accounting impact.
The purchase price will be increased by the amount that is four times the audited Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (“EBITDA”) of the target less €47.0 million ($53.5 million at current
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exchange rates), such that the amount of contingent consideration is subject to a cap of €45.0 million ($52.0 million at current exchange rates).
In connection with the entry into the Purchase Agreement, the Company entered into a debt commitment letter dated November 10, 2021 pursuant to which third-party financial institutions have committed, subject to the satisfaction of standard conditions, to provide the Company with a bridge loan facility in aggregate principal amount of up to $300 million. The Company was able, however, to finance the transaction and related fees and expenses with cash on hand, borrowings under its senior credit facilities, proceeds from our option to require the holders of our Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock to purchase additional shares of Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, and through the proceeds of its Convertible Notes Offering.

Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock
On August 10, 2021, the Company entered into the Securities Purchase Agreement with an investment vehicle of funds affiliated with Blackstone Inc. (the “Purchaser”). Pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement, on August 11, 2021, the Company issued and sold to the Purchaser 350,000 shares of Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, having the powers, designations, preferences, and other rights set forth in the Certificate of Designations, and 7,098,765 shares of the Company’s Common Stock, for an aggregate purchase price of $346.0 million. Further, pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company has issue and sold to the Purchaser 776,235 shares of Common Stock for an aggregate purchase price of $776 on September 27, 2021. For more information related to the Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, see Note 11 - Redeemable Perpetual Preferred, to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

In connection with the Stock Purchase Agreement and the Certificate of Designations governing the Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock (see Note 11 - Redeemable Perpetual Preferred), on January 7, 2022, the Company issued and sold to the Purchasers 50,000 shares of Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock and 1,125,000 shares of Common Stock in an Additional Closing for an aggregate purchase price of $49,376,125.

Update on the Impact of COVID-19
In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, which causes coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19, surfaced in Wuhan, China. Since then, COVID-19 has spread to multiple countries, including the United States. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic. With the second wave of the pandemic including variants of COVID-19, we continue to closely monitor the situation in all the locations where we operate. Our priority remains the welfare of our employees. We expect persistent waves of COVID-19 to remain a headwind into the near future. Refer to “Risk Factors - The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has materially and adversely affected our business and results of operations resulting in reduced margins due to the rise in steel and other commodity costs and as well as logistics delays and costs. The duration and extent to which it will continue to adversely impact our business and results of operations remains uncertain and could be material,” as disclosed in Part II, “Item 1A. Risk Factors.”

Performance Measures
In managing our business and assessing financial performance, we supplement the information provided by the financial statements with other operating metrics. These operating metrics are utilized by our management to evaluate our business, measure our performance, identify trends affecting our business and formulate projections. The primary operating metric we use to evaluate our sales performance and to track market acceptance of our products from year to year is megawatts (“MWs”) shipped generally and the change in MW shipped from period to period specifically. MWs is measured for each individual project and is calculated based on the expected output of that project once installed and fully operational.
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We also utilize metrics related to price and cost of goods sold per MW, including average selling price (“ASP”) and cost per watt (“CPW”). ASP is calculated by dividing total applicable revenues by total applicable MWs, whereas CPW is calculated by dividing total applicable costs of goods sold by total applicable MWs. These metrics enable us to evaluate trends in pricing, manufacturing cost and customer profitability.

Key Components of Our Results of Operations
The following discussion describes certain line items in our consolidated statements of operations.

Revenue
We generate revenue from the sale of solar tracking systems and parts. Our customers include EPCs, utilities, solar developers and independent power producers. For each individual solar project, we enter into a contract with our customers covering the price, specifications, delivery dates and warranty for the products being purchased, among other things. Our contractual delivery period for the tracker system and parts can vary from days to several months. Contracts can range in value from hundreds of thousands to tens of millions of dollars.
Our revenue is affected by changes in the volume and ASPs of solar tracking systems purchased by our customers. The quarterly volume and ASP of our systems is driven by the supply of, and demand for, our products, changes in product mix between module type and wattage, geographic mix of our customers, strength of competitors’ product offerings, and availability of government incentives to the end-users of our products.
Our revenue growth is dependent on continued growth in the amount of solar energy projects installed each year as well as our ability to increase our share of demand in each of the geographies where we compete, expand our global footprint to new evolving markets, grow our production capabilities to meet demand and to continue to develop and introduce new and innovative products that address the changing technology and performance requirements of our customers.

Cost of Revenue and Gross Profit
Cost of revenue consists primarily of product costs, including purchased components, as well as costs related to shipping, tariffs, customer support, product warranty, personnel and depreciation of test and manufacturing equipment. Personnel costs in cost of revenue includes both direct labor costs as well as costs attributable to any individuals whose activities relate to the transformation of raw materials or component parts into finished goods or the transportation of materials to the customer. Our product costs are affected by the underlying cost of raw materials, including steel and aluminum; component costs, including electric motors and gearboxes; technological innovation; economies of scale resulting in lower component costs, and improvements in production processes and automation. In 2021, our business has been impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic by increased raw materials and shipping costs and delays which has resulting in reduced margins and in certain instances have incurred remediation costs and liquidated damages owed to the customer. We have modified our processes in order to decrease the impact on our margins of these cost increases however we do not know how long the current operating environment will persist. We do not currently hedge against changes in the price of raw materials. Some of these costs, primarily personnel and depreciation of test and manufacturing equipment, are not directly affected by sales volume.
Gross profit may vary from quarter to quarter and is primarily affected by our ASPs, product costs, product mix, customer mix, geographical mix, shipping method, warranty costs and seasonality.

Operating Expenses
Operating expenses consist of general and administrative costs, contingent consideration, as well as depreciation and amortization expense. Personnel-related costs are the most significant component of our
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operating expenses and include salaries, benefits, payroll taxes and commissions. Our full-time employee headcount in our general and administrative departments has grown from approximately 150 as of December 31, 2019 to approximately 177 as of December 31, 2020 to approximately 210 at December 31, 2021, and we expect to continue to hire new employees to support our growth. The timing of these additional hires could materially affect our operating expenses in any particular period, both in absolute dollars and as a percentage of revenue. We expect to continue to invest substantial resources to support our growth and continued technological advancement and anticipate that general and administrative and depreciation expenses will increase in absolute dollar amounts for the foreseeable future.

General and administrative expenses
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries, equity-based compensation, employee benefits and payroll taxes related to our executives, sales, finance, human resources, information technology, engineering and legal organizations, as well as travel, facilities costs, marketing, bad debt and fees for professional services. Professional services consist of audit, legal, tax, insurance, information technology and other costs. We expect an increase in the number of sales and marketing personnel in connection with the expansion of our global sales and marketing footprint, enabling us to penetrate new markets. The majority of our sales in 2021 were in the United States; however, during the year we expanded our international presence with additional global sales staff. We currently have a sales presence in the United States, Australia, the U.K. and Brazil. We intend to continue to expand our sales presence and marketing efforts to additional countries. We also expect that as a public company we will incur additional audit, tax, accounting, legal and other costs related to compliance with applicable securities and other regulations, as well as additional insurance, investor relations and other costs associated with being a public company. We also anticipate an increase in our spend related to product innovation as we hire additional engineering resources and increase our external research and development spend.

Contingent Consideration
Contingent consideration consists of the changes in fair value of the earn-out and the TRA entered into with Ron P. Corio, a former indirect stockholder, concurrent with the acquisition of Patent LLC by ATI Investment Parent, LLC (“Former Parent”).
The earn-out liability was recorded at fair value as of July 8, 2016 (the “Acquisition Date”) and subsequent changes in the fair value are recognized in earnings. Fair value of the earn-out liability is measured based upon the expected return of investment of Former Parent, among other things. Cash payments related to the earn-out liability are required to be evaluated upon the occurrence of certain events, including the consummation of an initial public offering; the sale, transfer, assignment, pledge, encumbrance, distribution or disposition of shares of Former Parent held by Oaktree Power Opportunities Fund IV (Delaware) Holdings, L.P. and Oaktree ATI Investors, L.P. to a third-party; the sale of equity securities or assets of Former Parent, ATI Investment Sub, Inc. (“Investment Sub”) or the Company to a third-party; or a merger, consolidation, recapitalization or reorganization of Former Parent, Investment Sub, or the Company. Our IPO, the cash distribution of $589 million that we paid to ATI Investment Parent, LLC upon the closing of our IPO, and our 2020 Follow-on Offering required the Company to make a cash payment of $9.1 million in October 2020 and $15.9 million in December 2020. As a result of these payments our earn-out liability has been paid in full.
The TRA liability was recorded at fair value at the Acquisition Date and subsequent changes in the fair value are recognized in earnings. The TRA will generally provide for the payment by Array Tech, Inc. (f/k/a Array Technologies, Inc.) to Ron P. Corio for certain federal, state, local and non-U.S. tax benefits deemed realized in post-closing taxable periods by Array Tech, Inc. from the use of certain deductions generated by the increase in the tax value of the developed technology. Estimating fair value of the TRA is by nature imprecise. The significant fair value inputs used to estimate the future expected TRA payments to Ron P. Corio include the
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timing of tax payments, a discount rate, book income projections, timing of expected adjustments to calculate taxable income and the projected rate of use for attributes defined in the TRA.

Depreciation
Depreciation in our operating expense consists of costs associated with property, plant and equipment (“PP&E”) not used in manufacturing of our products. We expect that as we continue to grow both our revenue and our general and administrative personnel we will require some additional PP&E to support this growth resulting in additional depreciation expense.

Amortization
Amortization of intangibles consist of developed technology, customer relationships and internal-use software modifications over their expected period of use.

Non-Operating Expenses
Interest Expense
Interest expense consists of interest and other charges paid in connection with our Senior Secured Credit Facility (as defined below) and our Senior ABL Facility, interest on the Senior Secured Promissory Note (as defined below), and interest on our Prior Term Loan Facility (as defined below), which was fully repaid on February 2, 2020.

Income Tax Expense
We are subject to federal and state income taxes in the United States and certain foreign markets. As we expand into additional foreign markets, we may be subject to additional foreign tax.

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Results of Operations

The following tables set forth our consolidated statement of operations (in thousands):

Year Ended December 31,Increase (Decrease)
20212020$%
Revenue$853,318 $872,662 $(19,344)(2)%
Cost of revenue770,459 669,861 100,598 15 %
Gross profit82,859 202,801 (119,942)(59)%
Operating Expenses
General and administrative80,974 55,634 25,340 46 %
Contingent consideration2,696 26,441 (23,745)(90)%
Depreciation and amortization23,930 25,514 (1,584)(6)%
Total operating expenses107,600 107,589 11 — %
(Loss) income from operations(24,741)95,212 (119,953)(126)%
Other expense
Other expense, net(905)(2,305)(1,400)(61)%
Interest expense(35,475)(15,129)20,346 134 %
Total other expense(36,380)(17,434)18,946 109 %
Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)(61,121)77,778 (138,899)(179)%
Income tax expense (benefit)(10,718)18,705 (29,423)(157)%
Net (loss) income $(50,403)$59,073 $(109,476)(185)%


Comparison of the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020
Revenue
Revenue decreased by $19.3 million, or 2%, for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to the year ended December 31, 2020. Total MW delivered increased by approximately 19% for the year ended December 31, 2021 due to increased demand for our products.

Cost of Revenue and Gross Profit
Cost of revenue increased by $100.6 million, or 15%, for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to the year ended December 31, 2020 primarily due to the cost of raw materials and logistics increasing in 2021. Gross profit as a percentage of revenue decreased from 23.2% for the year ended December 31, 2020 to 9.7% for the year ended December 31, 2021. The decrease in Gross Profit as percentage of revenue reflects the higher commodity and logistics prices which we did not fully pass through to our customers via price increases.

Operating Expenses:

General and administrative
General and administrative expenses increased by $25.3 million, or 46%, for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to the year ended December 31, 2020. The increase in general and administrative expense
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relates to a $11.5 million expense increase in equity-based compensation during the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to the prior year due to the acceleration of the Class B awards that occurred in 2021. Further, in 2021, we had higher legal and professional fees of approximately $7 million due to higher capital markets activity, M&A activity, as well as on-going securities litigation. In addition, in 2021 we had higher insurance costs of approximately $4 million as this was our first full year as a public company. Finally, we added headcount in 2021 to support growth, innovation, and to ensure operational execution; however, the increased costs related to these additions was largely offset by a reduction in variable compensation

Contingent consideration
Contingent consideration expense decreased by $23.7 million, or 90%, for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to the year ended December 31, 2020. The decrease was primarily due to an increase in the fair value of our earn-out obligation in the prior year period for which there was no corresponding increase in the current year period.

Depreciation
Depreciation expense for the year ended December 31, 2021 was similar to the year ended December 31, 2020 as we did not add any significant capital assets.

Amortization of intangibles
Amortization of intangibles for the year ended December 31, 2021 was similar to the year ended December 31, 2020 as we did not add any significant intangible assets.

Interest expense
Interest expenses increased by $20.3 million, or 134%, for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to the year ended December 31, 2020, primarily due to interest on the higher average balance of our Term Loan Facility and Revolving Facility which were not outstanding during the year ended December 31, 2020. In addition, $9.6 million in capitalized fees and discount was written off in 2021 in connection with unscheduled principal payoffs that occurred in February and August of 2021. As of December 31, 2021, we had $326.8 million outstanding under the Term Loan and no balance outstanding under the Revolving Senior Facility, as it was paid off in August 2021. The Convertible Notes issued in December of 2021 have a balance of $425.0 million as of December 31, 2021.

Income tax expense (benefit)
Income tax expense decreased by $29.4 million, or 157% for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to the year ended December 31, 2020. Our effective tax rate was 17.5% for year ended December 31, 2021 and 24.0% for the year ended December 31, 2020. The reduction in the effective tax rate is primarily related to unfavorable non-deductible costs for equity-based compensation and our 2021 Follow-on Offering for the year ended December 31, 2021, a favorable tax benefit related to an NOL carryback as a result of the CARES Act in the year ended December 31, 2020, and the level of earnings in each period.

Net income (loss)
As a result of the factors discussed above, our net income decreased by $109.5 million, or 185%, for the year ended December 31, 2021 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2020.

Comparison of the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
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A discussion and analysis covering the comparison of the year ended December 31, 2020 to the year ended December 31, 2019 is included in our annual report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 10, 2021.

Restatement of Quarterly Financial Data
The Company has restated its unaudited interim financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2021, the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021. Detailed restatements of the Company's consolidated quarterly financial statements are provided in Note 22.

The following unaudited quarterly statements of operations data for each of the four quarters in the period ended December 31, 2021 have been prepared on a basis consistent with our audited annual financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and include, in our opinion, all normal recurring adjustments necessary for the fair presentation of the financial information contained in those statements. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected in the future. The following quarterly financial data should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements and the related notes included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The Company restated previously issued interim statements for the three months ended March 31, 2021, June 30, 2021, September 30, 2021 and for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and the for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 (the “Non-Reliance Periods”). See Note 22, “Restatement of Previously Issued Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements,” for the impact of these adjustments on each of the first three quarters of fiscal 2021.

Three Months Ended
(in thousands)March 31, 2021 As RestatedJune 30, 2021 As RestatedSeptember 30, 2021 As RestatedDecember 31, 2021
Revenue$248,240 $196,516 $188,686 $219,876 
Gross profit46,166 20,507 5,897 10,289 
Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)6,274 (7,347)(32,922)(27,126)
Income tax expense (benefit)1,698 (1,830)(5,361)(5,225)
Net income (loss)4,576 (5,517)(27,561)(21,901)
Dividends and accretion— — (5,479)(10,236)
Net income (loss) to common stockholders$4,576 $(5,517)$(33,040)$(32,137)
Earnings (loss) per share basic and diluted$0.04 $(0.04)$(0.25)$(0.24)


Liquidity and Capital Resources
Historical Cash Flow
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The following table compares the historical cash flow (in thousands):
Year Ended December 31,
202120202019
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$(263,187)$(122,205)$386,073 
Net cash used in investing activities(15,332)(1,338)(1,697)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities537,748 (129,273)(63,945)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents$259,229 $(252,816)$320,431 

We have historically financed our operations primarily with the proceeds from capital contributions, operating cash flows and short and long-term borrowings. Our ability to generate positive cash flow from operations is dependent on the strength of our gross margins as well as our ability to quickly turn our working capital. In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, or COVID-19, surfaced in Wuhan, China. Since then, COVID-19 has spread to multiple countries, including the United States. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic. Due to economic conditions our industry has seen rapid commodity price increases and strained logistics, adversely impacting our business and causing us to experience decreased margins and thus decreased cash from operations. Due to strained logistics issues, we have experienced an increase in our unbilled revenues and also in some instances, liquidated damages owed to our customers. Unbilled receivables, which represent temporary timing differences between shipments made and billing milestones achieved, were $111.2 million and $18.1 million of the accounts receivable balances as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. These amounts have not been billed because we are waiting for agreed upon billing stipulations such as billing on a specified date of the month or upon completion of mega-watt deliveries. The unbilled balance has increased as of December 31, 2021 due to global challenges with supply chain logistics and labor shortages in some instances causing delays in delivering specific components to complete a mega-watt delivery. These will be invoiced once the commercial criteria have been met at which point we will invoice and expect payment within 30 to 60 days.
We have taken mitigating steps to overcome the economic challenges but cannot be certain the timing of when we will achieve better margins. In response to the recent challenging environment, we continuously evaluate our ability to meet our obligations over the next 12 months. We have sufficient liquidity as well as financing options available to fund current and future commitments.
As of December 31, 2021, our cash was $367.7 million. Net working capital as of December 31, 2021 was $606.7 million.
In December of 2021, we issued $425.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 1.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2028, as further discussed below.
In August of 2021, we issued 350,000 shares of Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock and 7,098,765 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, for an aggregate purchase price of $346 million, as further described below.
In January 2022, we issued 50,000 of Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, and 1,125,000 shares of our Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, in an Additional Closing for an aggregate purchase price of $49,376,125.
As of March 31, 2022, we estimate our cash on hand to be $40.4 million and the balance available to be drawn on the Revolving Credit Facility was $114.8 million, however, we had limited ability to draw on the available balance due to debt covenants.
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As of December 31, 2021, we had outstanding borrowings of $326.8 million under the Term Loan Facility and $186.4 available of our $200.0 million commitment under our Revolving Credit Facility.

Operating Activities
For the year ended December 31, 2021, cash used by operating activities was $263.2 million primarily due to lower gross profit on projects delivered due to rapid increases in commodity and logistic costs which we were not able to fully pass on to our customers. Additionally, the cash used in operating activities reflects $96.6 million in cash used to build inventory due to growth in demand coupled with longer shipping lead-times leading the Company to carry more safety stock. Finally, the increase in accounts receivable used $118.4 million in cash during 2021 driven by increased sales coupled with a number of large projects not reaching billing milestones at the end of the year.
For the year ended December 31, 2020 cash provided by operating activities was $122.2 million, primarily due to payments to our suppliers for products that were paid for by customers in 2019, but that we did not ship until 2020. In order for our customers to take advantage of the ITC credit, we received payment on these projects in the fourth quarter of 2019.

Investing Activities
For the year ended December 31, 2021, net cash used in investing activities was $15.3 million primarily attributable to a $12 million investment in equity securities.
For the year ended December 31, 2020, net cash used in investing activities was $1.3 million primarily attributable to the purchase of property and equipment.

Financing Activities
For the year ended December 31, 2021, net cash provided by financing activities was $537.7 million of which $225.0 million was proceeds from the offering of our Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock and $120.6 million from the proceeds of the sale of common stock, each of which that closed on August 11, 2021, $413.3 million in proceeds from the issuance of the Convertible Notes, $126.0 million was from proceeds under the Revolving Facility, offset by a $133.2 million payment on the Term Loan Facility, a $126.0 million payment of the Revolving Credit Facility, $11.1 million in equity issuance costs associated with the Series A and $6.6 million in fees paid on the Senior Secured Credit Facility and to increase the limit on the Revolving Facility by $50.0 million.
For the year ended December 31, 2020, net cash used by financing activities was $129.3 million. Net proceeds from the Term Loan Facility and IPO were $460.0 million and $139.1 million, respectively. The Company also paid a special distribution to its members prior to our IPO of $589.0 million (the “Special Distribution”) along with $57.7 million and $45.6 million payments of the Term Loan and Senior Secured Promissory Note, respectively.

Acquisition of STI
On January 11, 2022 (the “Closing Date”), the Company completed the previously announced STI Acquisition, pursuant to that certain definitive agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”), dated as of November 10, 2021, by and among Array Tech, Inc, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, Amixa Capital, S.L. and Aurica Trackers, S.L., each a company duly organized under the laws of the Kingdom of Spain, and Mr. Javier Reclusa Etayo.
In accordance with the Purchase Agreement, the Company paid closing consideration to STI consisting of $410.5 million in cash (the “Cash Consideration”) and 13,894,800 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Stock Consideration”). The fair value of the purchase consideration was $610.7 million and resulted in the
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Company owning 100% of the interests in STI. The Company is in the process of performing a valuation of the acquisition assets and liabilities and the related accounting impact.
The purchase price will be increased by the amount that is four times the audited EBITDA of the target less €47.0 million ($53.5 million at current exchange rates), such that the amount of contingent consideration is subject to a cap of €45.0 million ($52.0 million at current exchange rates). Subsequent to December 31, 2021, it was determined that the targets were not met.
The Company financed the STI Acquisition and related fees and expenses with cash on hand, the sale and proceeds from the Convertible Notes, and $50.0 million in proceeds from the Delayed Draw.

1.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2028
On December 3, 2021 and December 9, 2021, the Company completed a private offering of $375 million and $50 million over allotment, respectively, in aggregate principal amount of 1.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2028 (the “Convertible Notes”) resulting in proceeds of $364.7 million and $48.6 million, respectively, after deducting the original issue discount of 2.75%. The Convertible Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture, dated December 3, 2021 (the “Indenture”), between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee.
The Convertible Notes are senior unsecured obligations of the Company and will mature on December 1, 2028, unless earlier converted redeemed or repurchased. The Convertible Notes will bear interest at a rate of 1.00% per year, payable semiannually in arrears on June 1 and December 1 of each year, beginning on June 1, 2022.

Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock
On August 10, 2021, the Company entered into the Securities Purchase Agreement with an investment vehicle of funds affiliated with Blackstone Inc. (the “Purchaser”) Pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement, on August 11, 2021, the Company issued and sold to the Purchaser 350,000 shares of the Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, having the powers, designations, preferences, and other rights set forth in the Certificate of Designations, and 7,098,765 shares of the Company’s Common Stock, for an aggregate purchase price of $346.0 million. Further, pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement, and subject to the terms and conditions set forth therein, including the expiry or termination of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, the Company has agreed to issue and sell to the Purchaser 776,235 shares of Common Stock for an aggregate purchase price of $776. For more information related to the Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, see Note 11 - Redeemable Perpetual Preferred, to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Registration Rights Agreement
In connection with the Securities Purchase Agreement, on August 10, 2021, the Company and the Purchaser entered into a Registration Rights Agreement pursuant to which, among other things, the Company granted the Purchaser certain registration rights with respect to Common Stock purchased pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement, including customary shelf registration rights and “piggyback” registration rights.
Direct costs associated with the issuance of the Securities were $11.1 million, which along with the $4.4 million discount, have been accounted for as a reduction in the proceeds of the Securities. These net proceeds of $334.6 million have been allocated on the balance sheet to the Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock of $229.8 million, common stock of $105.4 million and additional paid-in capital of $12.4 million for the committed financing put right. The Company has presented the Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock in temporary equity and accreting the carrying, amount to its full redemption amount from the date of issuance to the earliest redemption date using the effective interest method. Such accretion totaled $7.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2021.
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The Company accreted the regular cash rate of dividends of 5.75% to the liquidation preference amount of the Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, or $8.2 million in dividends, for the year ended December 31, 2021.

Discussion of 2019 Historical Cash Flows

A discussion and analysis covering historical cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2019 is included in our annual report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 10, 2021.

Debt Obligations
1.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2028
On December 3, 2021 and December 9, 2021, the Company completed a private offering (the “Convertible Notes Offering”) of $375 million and $50 million over allotment, respectively, in aggregate principal amount of 1.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2028 resulting in proceeds of $364.7 million and $48.6 million, respectively, after deducting the original issue discount of 2.75%. The Convertible Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture, dated December 3, 2021 (the “Indenture”), between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee.
The Convertible Notes are senior unsecured obligations of the Company and will mature on December 1, 2028, unless earlier converted redeemed or repurchased. The Convertible Notes bear interest at a rate of 1.00% per year, payable semiannually in arrears on June 1 and December 1 of each year, beginning on June 1, 2022.
The Convertible Notes were not convertible during the quarter ended December 31, 2021 and none have been converted to date. Also, given the average market price of the common stock has not exceeded the exercise price since inception, there was no impact to the diluted earnings per share for the quarter ended December 31,2021.

Senior Secured Credit Facility
On October 14, 2020, we entered into a senior secured credit facility which was amended on February 23, 2021 by the first amendment and on February 26, 2021 by the second amendment. The senior secured facility consisted originally of (i) a $575 million senior secured seven-year term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”) and (ii) a $150 million senior secured 5-year revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility” and, together with the Term Loan Facility, the “Senior Secured Credit Facility”). On February 23, 2021, we entered into the first amendment (“First Amendment”) to our Senior Secured Credit Facility. The First Amendment, in the case of Eurocurrency borrowings, lowers the London interbank offered rate floor to 50 basis points from 100 basis points and lowers the applicable margin to 325 basis points from 400 basis points per annum. This results in our current rate on the Term Loan Facility decreasing to 3.75% down from 5% prior to the First Amendment. On February 26, 2021, we entered into the incremental facility amendment No. 2 (the “Second Amendment”) to the Senior Secured Credit Facility. The Second Amendment increases the $150.0 million Revolving Credit Facility from $150.0 million to $200.0 million. The debt discount and issuance costs are being amortized using the effective interest method and the rate as of December 31, 2021 is 4.9%. The Term Loan Facility has an annual excess cash flow calculation beginning with the year ended December 31, 2021, which could require the Company to make advance principal payments. The balance of the Term Loan Facility is presented in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets net of debt discount and issuance costs of $23.3 million at December 31, 2021. As of December 31, 2021, the Term Loan Facility had a balance of $326.8 million. We are in compliance with all covenants as of December 31, 2021.

Letters of Credit
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Under the Revolving Credit Facility, the Company had no outstanding balance, $13.6 million in standby letters of credit and availability of $186.4 million under the Revolving Credit Facility as of December 31, 2021; however, we had limited ability to draw on the available balance due to debt covenants..

Interest Rate
The interest rates applicable to the loans under the Term Loan Facility equal, at our option, either, (i) in the case of ABR borrowings, the highest of (a) the Federal Funds Rate as of such day plus 50 basis points, (b) the prime rate and (c) the adjusted London Interbank offered rate (“LIBOR”) as of such day for a deposit in U.S. dollars with a maturity of one month plus 100 basis points, provided that in no event shall the ABR be less than 150 basis points, plus, in each case, the applicable margin of 300 basis points per annum; or (ii) in the case of Eurocurrency borrowings, the greater of (a) the LIBOR for the relevant currency, adjusted for statutory reserve requirements, and (b) 100 basis points, plus, in each case, the applicable margin of 400 basis points per annum.
The interest rates applicable to the loans under the Revolving Facility equal, at our option, either, (i) in the case of ABR borrowings, the highest of (a) the Federal Funds Rate as of such day plus 50 basis points, (b) the prime rate and (c) the adjusted LIBOR as of such day for a deposit in U.S. dollars with a maturity of one month plus 100 basis points, provided that in no event shall the ABR be less than 150 basis points, plus, in each case, the applicable margin of 225 basis points per annum; or (ii) in the case of Eurocurrency borrowings, the greater of (a) the LIBOR for the relevant currency, adjusted for statutory reserve requirements, and (b) 50 basis points, plus, in each case, the applicable margin of 325 basis points per annum.
The Term Loan Facility amortizes in equal quarterly installments in aggregate annual amounts equal to 1.00% per annum of the original principal amount of the loans funded thereunder. There is no scheduled amortization under the Revolving Credit Facility.

Guarantees and Security
The obligations under the Senior Secured Credit Facility are guaranteed by ATI Investment Sub, Inc. and its wholly owned domestic subsidiaries other than certain immaterial subsidiaries and other excluded subsidiaries. The obligations under the Senior Secured Credit Facility are secured by a first priority security interest in substantially all of Array Tech, Inc.’s and the guarantors’ existing and future property and assets, including accounts receivable, inventory, equipment, general intangibles, intellectual property, investment property, other personal property, material owned real property, cash and proceeds of the foregoing.

Prepayments and Amortization
Loans under the Revolving Credit Facility may be voluntarily prepaid in whole, or in part, in each case without premium or penalty. Loans under the Term Loan Facility may be voluntarily prepaid in whole, or in part, in each case without premium or penalty (other than a 1% premium with respect to prepayments on account of certain “repricing events,” subject to exceptions, occurring within 12 months of the closing date of the Senior Secured Credit Facility).
The Senior Secured Credit Facility requires mandatory prepayments, but not permanent reductions of commitments thereunder, for excess cash flow, asset sales, subject to a right of reinvestment, and refinancing facilities.
The Term Loan Facility amortizes in equal quarterly installments in aggregate annual amounts equal to 1.00% per annum of the original principal amount of the loans funded thereunder. There is no scheduled amortization under the Revolving Credit Facility.

Restrictive Covenants and Other Matters
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The Senior Secured Credit Facility contains affirmative and negative covenants including covenants that restrict our incurrence of indebtedness, incurrence of liens, dispositions, investments, acquisitions, restricted payments, transactions with affiliates, as well as other negative covenants customary for financings of this type.
The Revolving Credit Facility also includes a springing financial maintenance covenant that is tested on the last day of each fiscal quarter if the outstanding loans and certain other credit extensions under the Revolving Credit Facility exceed 35% of the aggregate amount of commitments thereunder, subject to customary exclusions and conditions. If the financial maintenance covenant is triggered, the first lien net leverage ratio will be tested for compliance not to exceed 7.10 to 1.00.
The Senior Secured Credit Facility also includes customary events of default, including the occurrence of a change of control. As of December 31, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all the required covenants.

Surety Bonds
As of December 31, 2021, we posted surety bonds in the total amount of approximately $160.4 million. We are required to provide surety bonds to various parties as required for certain transactions initiated during the ordinary course of business to guarantee the Company’s performance in accordance with contractual or legal obligations. These off-balance sheet arrangements do not adversely impact our liquidity or capital resources.

Critical Accounting Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been and will continue to be uncertainty and disruption in the global economy and financial markets. We have made estimates and assumptions taking into consideration certain possible impacts due to COVID-19. These estimates may change, as new events occur, and additional information is obtained. Actual results may differ from those estimates and assumptions. The critical accounting estimates discussed below are estimates made in accordance with U.S. GAAP that we believe involve a significant level of estimation uncertainty and have had or are reasonably likely to have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations.

Revenue Recognition
Under ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606), the Company recognizes revenues from the sale of solar tracking systems and parts and determines its revenue recognition through the following steps: (i) identification of the contract or contracts with a customer; (ii) identification of the performance obligations within the contract; (iii) determination of the transaction price; (iv) allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations within the contract; and (v) recognition of revenue when, or as the performance obligation has been satisfied.

Performance Obligations
The majority of the Company’s contracts with customers are accounted for as one performance obligation, because the Company is integrating the solar tracker system components and related services as part of a single project. Certain contracts associated with customers using the federal investment tax credit (“ITC”) for solar energy projects and other standalone tracker component sales are accounted for as multiple performance obligations because some of these contracts consist of orders for tracker system components without certain of the related services.
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For contracts with multiple performance obligations, the Company allocates the contract’s transaction price to each performance obligation using its best estimate of the standalone selling price of each distinct good or service in the contract. The Company uses the expected cost-plus margin approach to estimate the standalone selling price of each performance obligation.

In contracts with one performance obligation, the Company’s performance obligation is satisfied over-time as control is transferred to the customer by measuring the progress toward complete satisfaction of the performance obligation using an input (i.e., “cost to cost”) method. Under the cost-to-cost measure of progress, the extent of progress towards completion is measured based on the ratio of costs incurred to date to the total estimated costs at completion of the performance obligation.
Revenue recognized for the Company’s ITC related contracts and standalone system component sales are recorded at a point in time and recognized when obligations under the terms of the contract with our customer are satisfied. Generally, this occurs with the transfer of control of the asset, which is typically upon delivery to the customer in line with shipping terms. In certain situations, when product is still in our custody, and title and risk of loss has passed to the customer (known as bill-and-hold arrangement), revenue will be recognized when all the specific requirements for transfer of control under a bill-and-hold arrangement have been met. In assessing the recognition of revenue, the Company also evaluates whether two or more contracts should be combined and accounted for as one contract and if the combined or single contract should be accounted for as multiple performance obligations which could change the amount of revenue and profit (loss) recorded in a period.
Contracts are often modified through change orders to account for changes in specifications or design, manner of performance, equipment, materials, scope of work, and/or the period of completion of the project. Although the Company evaluates each change order to determine whether such modification creates a separate performance obligation, the majority of change orders are not distinct within the context of the original contract and, therefore, not treated as separate performance obligations but rather as a modification of the existing contract and performance obligation.

Contract Estimates
Accounting for contracts utilizing the cost-to-cost measure of progress is based on various assumptions to project the outcome of future events that can exceed a year. These assumptions include the cost and availability of materials. The cost estimation process for recognizing revenues over time under the cost-to-cost method is based on the professional knowledge and experience of the Company’s project managers, engineers and finance professionals. The Company reviews and updates its contract-related estimates on an ongoing basis and recognizes adjustments for any project specific facts and circumstances that could impact the measurement of the extent of progress, such as the total costs to complete the contracts, under the cumulative catch-up method. Under this method, the impact of the adjustment on profit recorded to date is recognized in the period the adjustment is identified. Revenue and profit in future periods of contract performance is recognized using the adjusted estimate. If at any time the estimate of contract profitability indicates an anticipated loss on the contract, the Company recognizes the total loss in the period it is identified.

Contract Balances
The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in billed accounts receivable, unbilled receivables (contract assets), and deferred revenue (contract liabilities) on the consolidated balance sheet, recorded on a contract-by-contract basis at the end of each reporting period. The majority of the Company’s contract amounts are billed as work progresses in accordance with agreed-upon contractual terms, which generally coincide with the shipment of one or more phases of the project. Billing sometimes occurs subsequent to revenue recognition, resulting in contract assets. The changes in contract assets (i.e. unbilled receivables) and the corresponding amounts recorded in revenue relate to fluctuations in the timing and
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volume of billings for the Company’s revenue recognized over-time. As of December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, contract assets consisting of unbilled receivables totaling $111.2 million and $18.1 million, respectively, were recorded within accounts receivable on the consolidated balance sheet. The Company also receives advances or deposits from its customers, before revenue is recognized, resulting in contract liabilities. The changes in contract liabilities (i.e. deferred revenue) relate to advanced orders and payments received by the Company and are the result of customers looking to take advantage of certain U.S. federal tax incentives set to decrease at the end of 2019. Based on the terms of the tax incentives the customer must pay for the goods prior to December 31, 2019 which accounts for the increase in the advanced orders and payments and the resulting deferred revenue. As of December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, contract liabilities consisting of deferred revenue was presented separately on the consolidated balance sheets.

Product Warranty
The Company offers an assurance type warranty for its products against manufacturer defects and does not contain a service element. For these assurance type warranties, a provision for estimated future costs related to warranty expense is recorded when they are probable and reasonably estimable, which is typically when products are delivered. This provision is based on historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of claims for each product line. When little or no experience exists for an immature product line, the estimate is based on comparable product lines. These estimates are re-evaluated on an ongoing basis using best-available information and revisions to estimates are made as necessary.

Inventory Valuation
Inventories consist of raw materials and finished goods. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or estimated net realizable value using the weighted average method. Provisions are made to reduce excess or obsolete inventories to their estimated net realizable values which require estimates by management.

Contingent Consideration
Tax Receivable Agreement
Concurrent with Former Parent’s acquisition of Patent LLC, Array Tech, Inc. (f/k/a Array Technologies, Inc.) entered into the TRA with Ron P. Corio, a former indirect stockholder. The TRA is accounted for as contingent consideration and subsequent changes in fair value of the contingent liability are recognized in general and administrative in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations. The TRA obligations were recorded at acquisition-date fair value at inception and is classified as a liability. The TRA will generally provide for the payment by Array Tech, Inc. (f/k/a Array Technologies, Inc.) to Ron P. Corio, our indirect stockholder, for certain federal, state, local and non-U.S. tax benefits deemed realized in post-closing taxable periods by Array Tech, Inc. (f/k/a Array Technologies, Inc.) from the use of certain deductions generated by the increase in the tax value of the developed technology. Estimating the amount of payments that may be made under the TRA is by nature imprecise. The significant fair value inputs used to estimate the future expected TRA payments to Ron P. Corio include the timing of tax payments, a discount rate, book income projections, timing of expected adjustments to calculate taxable income and the projected rate of use for attributes defined in the TRA. As of December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the estimated fair value of the TRA is $14.6 million and $19.7 million, respectively, which has been recorded as a liability. Subsequent changes in fair value of the TRA will be recognized in earnings.

Equity-Based Compensation
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The Company granted restricted stock units (RSU’s) to employees and Performance Stock Units (PSUs) to certain executives. The PSUs contain performance and market conditions. The PSU grants were valued using the Monte Carlo simulation method and the assigned fair value on grant date will be recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting term of the awards. The probability of the awards meeting the performance related vested conditions is not included in the grant date fair value, but rather will be estimated quarterly and the Company will true-up the expense recognition accordingly upon any probability to vest revision. The Company accounts for forfeitures as they occur.

Temporary Equity
Equity instruments that are redeemable for cash or other assets are classified as temporary equity if the instrument is redeemable, at the option of the holder, at a fixed or determinable price on a fixed or determinable date or upon the occurrence of an event that is not solely within the control of the issuer. Redeemable equity instruments are initially carried at the fair value of the equity instrument at the issuance date, which is subsequently adjusted at each balance sheet date if the instrument is currently redeemable, or probable of becoming redeemable. The Series A Redeemable Preferred Stock issued in connection with the Securities Purchase Agreement, as described in Note 11 - Redeemable Perpetual Preferred in the accompanying notes to our consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, is classified as temporary equity in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. The Company elected the accreted redemption value method under which is accretes changes in redemption value over the period from the date of issuance of the Series A Redeemable Preferred Stock to the earliest costless redemption date (the fifth anniversary) using the effective interest method. Such adjustments are included in preferred undeclared dividends and accretion on Series A Redeemable Preferred Stock on the Company’s consolidated statements of changes in equity and treated similarly to a dividend on preferred stock for GAAP purposes.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Refer to Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the accompanying notes to our consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
We are exposed to market risk in the ordinary course of our business. Market risk represents the risk of loss that may impact our financial position due to adverse changes in financial market prices and rates. Our market risk exposure is primarily a result of fluctuations in steel and aluminum prices and customer concentrations. We do not hold or issue financial instruments for trading purposes.

Concentrations of Major Customers
Our customer base consists primarily of solar contractors and utilities. We do not require collateral on our trade receivables. For the year ended December 31, 2021, our largest customer and five largest customers constituted 12.6% and 46.0% of total revenues, respectively. Two customers made up 22.7% of revenue and are the only customers greater than 10% of total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2021. For the year ended December 31, 2020, our largest customer and five largest customers constituted 11.2% and 40.9% of total revenues, respectively. Two customers made up 21.5% of revenue and are the only customers constituting greater than 10% of total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020. The loss of any one of our top five customers could have a materially adverse effect on the revenues and profits of the Company. Further, our trade accounts receivable are from companies within the solar industry and, as such, the Company is exposed to normal industry credit risks. As of December 31, 2021, our largest customer and five largest customers constituted 17.6% and 44.6% of trade accounts receivable, respectively. As of December 31, 2019, our largest customer and five largest customers constituted 0.1% and 20.9% of trade accounts receivable,
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respectively. We continually evaluate our reserves for potential credit losses and establishes reserves for such losses.

Commodity Price Risk
We are subject to risk from fluctuating market prices of certain commodity raw materials, including steel and aluminum, that are used in our products. Prices of these raw materials may be affected by supply restrictions or other market factors from time to time, and we do not enter into hedging arrangements to mitigate commodity risk. Significant price changes for these raw materials could reduce our operating margins if we are unable to recover such increases from our customers, and could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Interest Rate Risk
As of December 31, 2021, our long-term debt totaled $711.0 million. We have interest rate exposure with respect to the $326.8 million balance due to the variable interest rate. A 50 basis point increase in interest rates would impact our expected annual interest expense for the next 12 months by approximately $1.6 million.

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
The financial statements and supplementary data required by this item are included after the Signature page of this Annual Report on Form 10-K beginning on page F-1.

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
None.

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.
We maintain “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is (1) recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and (2) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.
Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2021. Based upon the evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective at a reasonable assurance level as a result of the material weaknesses that existed in our internal control over financial reporting as described below.

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.
The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined in the Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f). The Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on the Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based on the results of this evaluation, the Company’s management concluded that
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internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of December 31, 2021, due to the material weaknesses listed below. A material weakness is a deficiency, or combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.
Management has determined that the Company had the following material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting at December 31, 2021:

Control Environment and Monitoring – We did not maintain appropriately designed entity-level controls impacting the control environment and effective monitoring controls to prevent or detect material misstatements to the consolidated financial statements. These deficiencies were attributed to (i) the lack of a sufficient number of qualified resources and inadequate oversight and accountability over the performance of controls, and (ii) ineffective evaluation and determination as to whether the components of internal control were present and functioning.

Control Activities – These material weaknesses contributed to the following additional material weaknesses within certain business processes:

Inventory – We did not appropriately design and implement controls over the existence, accuracy, and cutoff of inventory. As previously reported, we identified a material weakness relating to inventory cut-off and in-transit inventory, which continued to exist at December 31, 2021. In addition, we identified a material weakness relating to ineffective controls over our year-end inventory reconciliation process, which resulted in adjustments being recorded as of December 31, 2021.
Revenue Recognition – We did not design, implement and maintain effective controls over revenue recognized for certain contracts relating to the proper application of Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). Specifically, we did not maintain effective controls relating to (1) the identification and recognition of performance obligations for customer contracts, and (2) evaluation of customer contracts for potential combination, which resulted in adjustments being recorded as of December 31, 2021, and restatement of the Company’s interim unaudited consolidated financial statements during 2021.
Accounts Receivable – We did not design, implement and maintain effective controls over the existence of accounts receivable. Specifically, we did not design controls at an appropriate precision level to identify material misstatements, which resulted in balance sheet adjustments being recorded as of December 31, 2021.

After giving full consideration to these material weaknesses, and the additional analyses and other procedures that we performed to ensure that our consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K were prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, our management has concluded that our consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods disclosed in conformity with U.S. GAAP.

Remediation Plan for Existing Material Weaknesses
We have begun the process of, and we are focused on, designing and implementing effective measures to strengthen our internal controls over financial reporting and remediate the material weaknesses. Our planned internal control remediation efforts include the following:

Control Environment and Monitoring – Consistent with the COSO 2013 Framework, Principle 4, attracting, developing, and retaining competent personnel, we have recently hired a Chief Accounting Officer who will provide an additional level of technical accounting expertise, oversight, and monitoring of the design and
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performance of both existing and newly implemented controls as noted below. We will continue to hire in 2022, additional accounting and IT personnel in 2022 to bolster our accounting and IT capabilities and capacity, and we will concentrate on retaining key accounting, IT, and operational personnel. These actions will further serve to remediate the noted material weakness under the COSO 2013 Framework, Principle 16, by enhancing the efforts towards separate evaluations regarding the presence and functionality of the components of internal control, specifically in the areas of inventory, revenue recognition, and accounts receivable, as noted below.

Control Activities:
Inventory – We will enhance the design of existing controls and implement new controls over the accounting, processing, and recording of inventory. Specifically, we have strengthened the design of the management review control over inventory-in-transit. Additionally, we have implemented processes to ensure timely identification and evaluation of inventory cut-off and are requiring additional accountability from counterparties on the accuracy of incoming and outgoing shipment documentation. We also plan to deploy information system enhancements and better use of current system capabilities in order to improve the accuracy of inventory cut-off, reporting, and reconciliation.
Revenue Recognition – We will enhance the design of existing controls and implement new controls over the review of the application and recording of revenue for customer contracts under the guidance outlined in ASC 606. We will also design and implement more precise reviews regarding evaluation of contract terms and whether contracts should be combined. These reviews will include increased contract analysis from our legal team as well as ensuring qualified resources are involved and adequate oversight is performed during the internal technical accounting review process.
Accounts Receivable – We will enhance the design of existing controls and implement new controls over the processing and review of accounts receivable billings. We also plan to supplement our accounting staff with more experienced personnel. Additionally, we will evaluate information system capabilities in order to reduce the manual calculations within this business process.

While these actions and planned actions are subject to ongoing management evaluation and will require validation and testing of the design and operating effectiveness of internal controls over a sustained period of financial reporting cycles, we are committed to the continuous improvement of our internal control over financial reporting and will continue to diligently review our internal control over financial reporting.

Attestation Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The effectiveness of the company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021, has been audited by BDO USA, LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in its report included herein.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting.
During the quarter ended December 31, 2021, except for the changes discussed above, there have been no other no changes in the company’s internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the company’s internal control over financial reporting.

Item 9B. Other Information

We maintain a website at www.arraytechinc.com. The contents of our website are not incorporated in, or otherwise to be regarded as part of, this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We make available, free of charge on our website, access to our Annual Report on Form 10-K, our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, our Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of
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the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as soon as reasonably practicable after we file or furnish them electronically with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

Item 9C. Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

None

PART III

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
The information required by this item and not set forth below will be contained in our definitive proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with our 2022 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, or the Proxy Statement, which is expected to be filed not later than 120 days after the end of our fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, and is incorporated herein by reference.
We have adopted a written Code of Business Conduct that applies to all officers, directors and employees, including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller, or persons performing similar functions. The Code of Business Conduct is available on our website at www.arraytechinc.com. If we make any substantive amendments to the Code of Business Conduct or grant any waiver from a provision of the Code of Business Conduct to any executive officer or director, we will promptly disclose the nature of the amendment or waiver on our website or in a Current Report on Form 8-K.

Item 11. Executive Compensation.
The information required by this item will be set forth in the Proxy Statement and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.
The information required by this item will be set forth in the Proxy Statement and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.
The information required by this item will be set forth in the Proxy Statement and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services.
The information required by this item will be set forth in the Proxy Statement and is incorporated herein by reference.

PART IV

Item 15. Exhibit and Financial Statement Schedules.
(a)(1) Financial Statements.
The financial statements and supplementary data required by this item are included after the Signature page of this Annual Report on Form 10-K beginning on page F-1.

(a)(2) Financial Statement Schedules.
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All schedules have been omitted because they are not required or because the required information is given in the Financial Statements or Notes thereto.

(a)(3) Exhibits.
The exhibits listed in the Exhibit Index below are filed or incorporated by reference as part of this Annual Report.

Exhibit Index

NumberDescription of DocumentFormDateNo.
2.1+8-K11/12/20212.1
3.18-K10/19/20203.1
3.28-K10/19/20203.2
3.38-K08/11/20213.1
4.110-K03/10/20214.1
4.28-K12/07/20214.1
4.38-K12/07/20214.2
10.18-K10/19/202010.1
10.28-K08/11/202110.2
10.38-K01/11/202210.1
10.48-K08/11/202110.1
10.58-K
10/19/2020
10.2
10.6S-1/A10/14/202010.1
10.7S-1/A10/14/202010.3
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NumberDescription of DocumentFormDateNo.
10.8S-1/A10/14/202010.7
10.9S-1/A10/14/202010.8
10.10S-1/A10/14/202010.9
10.11S-1/A10/14/202010.7
10.12S-1/A10/14/202010.8
10.13S-1/A10/14/202010.9
10.14S-1/A10/14/202010.1
10.158-K04/05/202210.1
10.168-K04/05/202210.2
10.178-K04/05/202210.3
10.18S-1/A10/14/202010.11
10.1910-K03/10/202110.13
10.2010-K
03/10/2021
10.14
10.218-K
03/02/2021
10.1
10.228-K12/07/2110.1
21.1*
23.1*
31.1*
31.2*
32.1**
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NumberDescription of DocumentFormDateNo.
32.2**
101*Interactive Data Files
104*Cover Page Interactive Data Files
03/10/2021

* Filed herewith
** Furnished herewith
+ Exhibits and schedules have been omitted pursuant to Regulation S-K Item 601(a)(5) and will be furnished on a supplemental basis to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request.



Item 16. Form 10–K Summary

None

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized on April 6, 2022.
Array Technologies, Inc.
By:/s/ Jim Fusaro
Jim Fusaro
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacity and on the dates indicated.

SignatureTitleDate
/s/ Jim FusaroChief Executive OfficerApril 6, 2022
Jim Fusaro(Principal Executive Officer)
/s/ Nipul PatelChief Financial OfficerApril 6, 2022
Nipul Patel(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
/s/ Brad ForthChairman of the Board of DirectorsApril 6, 2022
Brad Forth
/s/ Paulo Almirante
Member of the Board of DirectorsApril 6, 2022
Paulo Almirante
/s/ Troy Alstead
Member of the Board of DirectorsApril 6, 2022
Troy Alstead
/s/ Orlando D. Ashford
Member of the Board of DirectorsApril 6, 2022
Orlando D. Ashford
/s/ Ron P. Corio
Member of the Board of DirectorsApril 6, 2022
Ron P. Corio
/s/ Jayanthi Iyengar
Member of the Board of DirectorsApril 6, 2022
Jayanthi Iyengar
/s/ Bilal KahnMember of the Board of DirectorsApril 6, 2022
Bilal Kahn
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SignatureTitleDate
/s/ Gerrard SchmidMember of the Board of DirectorsApril 6, 2022
Gerrard Schmid

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INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Array Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm (BDO USA, LLP; Austin, Texas; PCAOB ID#243)


F-1


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Shareholders and Board of Directors
Array Technologies, Inc.
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Array Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in member’s equity/stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2021, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at December 31, 2021 and 2020, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2021, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) and our report dated April 6, 2022 expressed an adverse opinion thereon.

Change in Accounting Method Related to Leases

As discussed in Notes 2 and 15 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company changed its method of accounting for leases during the year ended December 31, 2021 due to the adoption of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 842, Leases.

Basis for Opinion

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud.

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below,






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providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

Accounting for Issuance of the Security Purchase Agreement

As described in Notes 2 and 11 to the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements, the Company entered into a Security Purchase Agreement, issuing shares of a newly designated Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock of the Company and shares of the Company’s common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $346.0 million. The Company has the option to require the Purchaser to purchase, in one or more additional closings, additional shares of the Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock and Common Stock. The Company evaluated the accounting for the instruments issued in the Securities Purchase Agreement and accounted for the Series A preferred stock as temporary equity on the consolidated balance sheets.

We identified the accounting evaluation of the Securities Purchase Agreement to be a critical audit matter. Significant judgments and highly complex technical accounting guidance are required in the determination of the scope of the applicable accounting guidance and appropriate balance sheet classification, including the identification and evaluation of embedded features potentially requiring bifurcation as derivatives as well as the determination of initial and subsequent recognition and measurement. Auditing these elements involved especially challenging and complex auditor judgment due to extent of audit effort required to address these matters, including the extent of specialized skills or knowledge needed.

The primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter included:

Reading and analyzing the contract terms related to the Securities Purchase Agreement.

Evaluating the reasonableness of the conclusions made by the Company related to the accounting treatment for issuance of the Security Purchase Agreement, including the Company’s consideration of relevant accounting standards to analyze the proper balance sheet classification, the embedded features, and the initial and subsequent recognition and measurement.

Utilizing personnel with specialized knowledge and skills in the relevant technical accounting guidance to assist in evaluating the appropriateness of Management’s application of relevant accounting guidance for the issuance of the Security Purchase Agreement.

Accounting for Convertible Debt

As described in Note 10 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements, on December 3, 2021 and December 9, 2021, the Company completed a private offering of $375 million and $50 million over allotment, respectively, in aggregate principal amount of 1.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2028 (the “Notes”). The Notes contain certain redemption, conversion, and other features that require the Company to assess if such features are embedded derivatives that require bifurcation from the Notes and receive separate accounting treatment. The Company determined the embedded features did not require bifurcation from the Notes, and therefore were not accounted for separately.

We identified the accounting evaluation of embedded features in the Convertible Debt to be a critical audit matter because the evaluation of the appropriate accounting treatment for potential derivatives involved a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort, including the extent of specialized skill or knowledge needed to evaluate the Company’s conclusions.

The primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter included:

Reading and analyzing the contract terms included in various agreements related to the issuance of the Convertible Debt, including the indenture agreement and other agreements entered into on or around the issuance date to identify and assess the reasonableness of management's accounting treatment for the different embedded features as they impacted bifurcation conclusions.
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Utilizing personnel with specialized knowledge and skills in the relevant technical accounting guidance to assist in evaluating the appropriateness of Management’s application of relevant accounting guidance for the issuance of the Convertible Debt.

Revenue Recognition of Certain Customer Contracts

As described in Note 2 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements, certain of the Company’s contracts are accounted for as multiple performance obligations because the delivery of the components and other services specified in the contract do not represent a single integrated project.

We identified the determination of multiple performance obligations in certain customer contracts and the timing of associated revenue recognition to be a critical audit matter because there was a significant amount of judgment exercised by management in identifying and evaluating terms and conditions of these customer contracts that impact the timing of revenue recognition. In addition, a material weakness was identified over the accounting associated with certain contracts. Auditing these elements involved especially challenging auditor judgment due to the nature and extent of audit effort required to address these matters, including the extent of specialized skill and knowledge needed.

The primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter included:

Evaluating management’s accounting policies and practices, including the reasonableness of management’s judgments and assumptions related to the identification of each distinct performance obligation and its pattern of delivery related to certain customer contracts.

Utilizing personnel with specialized knowledge and skills in the relevant technical accounting guidance to assist in evaluating the appropriateness of Management’s application of relevant accounting guidance for revenue recognition.

/s/ BDO USA, LLP
We have served as the Company's auditor since 2016.
Austin, Texas
April 6, 2022


F-4
    

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Shareholders and Board of Directors
Array Technologies, Inc.
Albuquerque, New Mexico

Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

We have audited Array Technologies, Inc.’s and Subsidiaries (the “Company’s”) internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the “COSO criteria”). In our opinion, the Company did not maintain, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021, based on the COSO criteria.

We do not express an opinion or any other form of assurance on management’s statements referring to any corrective actions taken by the Company after the date of management’s assessment.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in member’s equity/stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2021, and the related notes (collectively referred to as “the financial statements”) and our report dated April 6, 2022 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

Basis for Opinion

The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying “Item 9A, Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting.” Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit of internal control over financial reporting in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Material weakness have been identified and described in management’s assessment. These material weaknesses related to managements’ failure to design and maintain effective controls over financial reporting, specifically related to the following: (1) entity-level controls impacting the control environment and effective monitoring controls to prevent or detect material misstatements to the consolidated financial statements; (2) the design and implementation of controls over the existence, accuracy, and cutoff of inventory; (3) the design, implementation and maintenance of effective controls over revenue recognized for certain contracts relating to the proper application of Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”); and (4) the design, implementation and maintenance of effective controls over the existence of accounts receivable.

The material weaknesses were considered in determining the nature, timing, and extent of audit tests applied in our audit of the 2021 financial statements, and this report does not affect our report dated April 6, 2022, on those financial statements.

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Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ BDO USA, LLP

Austin, Texas

April 6, 2022

F-6
    

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Array Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands)
December 31,
20212020
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$367,670 $108,441 
Accounts receivable, net236,009 118,694 
Inventories, net205,653 118,459 
Income tax receivables9,052 17,158 
Prepaid expenses and other33,649 12,423 
Total current assets852,033 375,175 
Property, plant and equipment, net10,692 9,774 
Goodwill69,727 69,727 
Other intangible assets, net174,753 198,260 
Deferred tax assets9,345  
Other assets26,429 3,088 
Total assets$1,142,979 $656,024 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT
Current Liabilities
Accounts payable$91,392 $82,755 
Accounts payable - related party610 2,232 
Accrued expenses and other38,494 29,164 
Accrued warranty reserve3,192 3,049 
Income tax payable60 8,814 
Deferred revenue99,575 149,821 
Current portion of contingent consideration1,773 8,955 
Current portion of term loan4,300 4,313 
Other current liabilities5,909  
Total current liabilities245,305 289,103 
Long-term liabilities
Deferred tax liability 13,114 
Contingent consideration, net of current portion12,804 10,736 
Other long-term liabilities5,557  
Long-term debt, net of current portion, debt discount and issuance costs711,056 423,970 
Total long-term liabilities729,417 447,820 
Total liabilities974,722 736,923 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 16)
Series A Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock of $0.001 par value - 500,000 authorized; 350,000 and none issued as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively; liquidation preference of $350.0 million and none as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively
237,462  
Stockholders’ deficit
Preferred stock of $0.001 par value - 4,500,000 authorized; none issued as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively
  
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Array Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets (continued)
(in thousands)
December 31,
20212020
Common stock of $0.001 par value - 1,000,000,000 authorized; 135,026,940 and 126,994,467 issued as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively
135 127 
Additional paid-in capital202,562 140,473 
Accumulated deficit(271,902)(221,499)
Total stockholders’ deficit(69,205)(80,899)
Total liabilities, redeemable perpetual preferred stock and stockholders’ (deficit)$1,142,979 $656,024 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

F-8
    

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Array Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
Year Ended December 31,
202120202019
Revenue$853,318$872,662647,899
Cost of revenue770,459669,861497,138
Gross profit82,859202,801150,761 
Operating expenses
General and administrative80,97455,63441,212
Contingent consideration2,69626,441640
Depreciation and amortization23,93025,51425,500
Total operating expenses107,600107,58967,352 
Income (loss) from operations(24,741)95,21283,409 
Other expense
Other expense, net(905)(2,305)(33)
Interest expense(35,475)(15,129)(18,797)
Total other expense(36,380)(17,434)(18,830)
Income before income tax expense (benefit)(61,121)77,77864,579 
Income tax expense (benefit)(10,718)18,70524,834
Net income (loss)(50,403)59,073